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Things to keep in mind when welcoming a second cat
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Things to keep in mind when welcoming a second cat

Publised: 15/07/2020 Updated: 15/07/2020
supervised by vets
Supervised veterinarian
Graduated from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ho Chi Minh City University of Agriculture and Forestry.Working as a veterinarian for over 10 years from 2011 to present. I'm committed to providing medical care that brings smiles to owners and their pets.

Many cat owners decide to bring a second cat home after a while with only 1 cat. They will worry about many things, such as will the cats get along or how to make the new cat feel comfortable to the new environment. Or it will even harder if there are babies or kids or other animals in the house (dogs, chickens, pigs etc). We will share some tips and information that cat owners should be aware of before bring the second cat home.

Cat's personality is greatly affected by their experiences as a child

If you are welcoming a kitten, you have to be more careful than an adult cat.

Cat's personality is greatly affected by their experiences as a child. Some aspects of a cat's personality are evident as soon as they start running around. Qualities like shyness, boldness, curiosity, energy level, aggression, passivity, social interest and the likelihood of being an energetic little troublemaker can all be observed in kittens.

Some cats have a personality change around age 5, becoming more mellow and/or affectionate.

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What to do when welcoming a new kitten as second cat

If the first cat is a kitten so it’s so easy for two kittens get used to each other. They will play together quickly. Without a strong sense of territory or raging hormones, kittens are generally happy to make new friends, so take it slow and let them feel each other out.

Separate the kittens while they become aware of each other. One way to safely do this is to keep them in separate rooms with a closed door between them.

Between their senses of smell and sound, they'll know that another kitten is around, and they'll likely sniff around the door and stick their paws underneath here and there.
While adult cats may need this to go on for days, kittens are much more receptive to introductions, and you can open up the door after just a few hours of separation.
Supervise while they feel each other out. While not as inherently aggressive toward newcomers as adult cats, kittens may still huff and puff a little bit before they let their guards down. If they hiss a little here and there, or arch their backs, let them.

And remember, kittens are playful. If they wrestle a little bit, that's one thing, but if they start to fight for real, it's time to split them up for a few hours.
Give your kittens separate spaces within the same room, so that they can learn to coexist without encroaching on one another's space. For example, give them separate food and water dishes on opposite sides of the room. Provide them with separate but identical pet beds and litter boxes, and make sure that the room has enough toys and play areas to go around.

Pay equal attention to your kittens, so that they don't feel threatened by each other. Take time to snuggle and play with each kitten separately, so that they don't resort to competing for your affection.
Watch over them while they interact. Unlike older cats, kittens may only need a day or so to get used to each other, so don't worry about limiting their playtime.

If the first cat is a much older cat, there are some tips to introduce a kitten to the older cat as below:

(1) Start to prepare before the kitten arrives
When the big day comes and you bring your kitten home, it may be tempting to introduce both kitties straightaway, but hold off! It’s important to keep both pussycats separate for a while so they can adjust to the scent of a new cat. A good way to do this is to create individual, separate areas for each cat in the house. Each kitty will need their own toys, bed, litter box and food bowls, so make sure you’re prepared.

(2) Introduce your cats by smell first
Encourage your senior cat to spend time in a separate room while you introduce your new kitten to the new surroundings. Your new kitty will quickly pick up on the smells around the house and know there’s another feline in residence. You can then swap them around, allowing the senior cat to wander around and, in turn, smell the new kitten’s scent.

Remember to praise and reward both cats while they are learning that there’s another ‘kit on the block’!

(3) Let them see each other
Step two of your pussycats’ introduction is visual contact! Before letting your furry friends loose in a room together, separate them by a screen or a gap in the door. Allow them to meet each other gently - when comfortable with each other they will sniff noses or rub against the door. This is your cue to let them meet face to face!

(4) Support a calm, patient introduction
When your pets are ready to meet face to face, always be as
calm and patient as possible! Remember that your resident cat needs to learn to share their territory and accept the new kitten. Older cats may also be less tolerant, so introductions should be very short initially before gradually increasing their time together.

On the other hand, the new kitten might be very skittish and want to explore, regardless of what the resident cat thinks! Always keeping an eye both cat’s body language. There may be some hissing at first, but be ready to step in if they start to fight!

(5) Give treats
Don’t be surprised if your kitties don’t accept each other straight away. These things take time! To encourage bonding, you can use treats and encourage play when they act calmly and seem happy in each others company. Be sure to pet and praise your senior cat more often at this stage. Reassure them that they are not being replaced but instead are being given a new companion!

(6) Watch how your pets react
Even after your pets seem comfortable with each other, keep an eye on them - there’s no guarantee that your cats will bond immediately. Watch for signs of stress and anxiety - decreased appetite, hiding for long periods of time, vocalising, hostile actions or any unusual traits that continue for more than a few days may need to be investigated further!

Senior cats might react by sleeping in unusual places or not eating and drinking normally. Make sure your cat can access their litter box easily and that their normal exit routes are always available. It’s also important to check that your older cat’s eating and drinking habits have not changed - senior cats are prone to dehydration, and with a new feline friend joining their territory, they may not drink as regularly as before. If you are at all concerned about your cat, it’s wise to consider speaking to your vet.

(7) Keep to a schedule to minimize stress
Cats like routine! Help your pet through this transition by keeping to a schedule for play time, feeding time and sleep time. Your resident cat’s schedule should not change just because she has a new companion. Keeping to the same routine will help your new kitten settle in, and minimize the stress of change for your resident cat.

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The ideal pairing is (gender, age, personality)

One piece of research carried out in Switzerland showed that adult cats are more likely to accept the introduction of a younger individual than one of the same age or older. Therefore, it would probably be sensible to think about a kitten or a young adult for the new addition to your family. If you do need to take on an adult cat, the same research suggested that an adult of the opposite sex was more likely to be accepted and that, in cases of same-sex pairs, two males were slightly more likely to be compatible than two females.

The second cat's home environment

Space is an absolute necessity for multiple cat homes. Cats housed in groups are less likely to exhibit aggressive or anxious behavior when each cat has at least 1 m2 of floor space and 2 m of vertical space, such as window sills and shelving.

Providing access to an outdoor enclosure also significantly increases living space, except during the colder months when cats have little desire to be outside. Indoor cats do best with multiple sites for resting and hiding, so each cat can control how much it interacts with others.

Cats need to have spots for hiding so they can be alone and undisturbed. Multiple litter boxes are also advisable so the cats can feel safe while eliminating. The number of litter boxes should equal the number of cats you have, plus one. So, for example, if you have three cats, you need four boxes.

And, of course, provide plenty of scratching posts and toys to keep everyone happy. Food and water can be placed in a common area, as cats seem to enjoy congregating to eat. However, if you have a particularly timid cat, you may need to provide extra rations in a secluded area.

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How to get them used to it gradually

It’s also important to be aware that cats can take a LONG time to learn to like each other. Dogs usually decide to be friends, or not, within a few hours or days. Cats, on the other hand, can take as long as a year to stop squabbling and start hanging out together.

Cats are solitary and highly territorial creatures that often require weeks or months to adjust to changes in their environment and lifestyle. For that reason, first impressions are extremely important when meeting other household pets. Cats that are introduced too quickly and fight may never learn to coexist peacefully.

Step by step to help the cats get used to each other:

Create a sanctuary room for your new cat. When you bring your new cat home, confine him to one room with his own litter box, bed, food, and water for a week, or at least until he has been examined by your vet.

Feed them on opposite sides of the same door. At the next meal, place the two cats’ bowls on either side of the door to that room. The aim is for the cats to associate the pleasurable activity of eating with the presence of the other cat. Gradually move the bowls closer with each feeding. When they can eat calmly with both bowls directly across from each other, open the door a crack — for just a few seconds — so they can see each other as they eat.

Feeding the cats at 2 sides of the same door

Feeding the cats at 2 sides of the same door

Let your new cat explore. Once the new cat seems comfortable in his new surroundings, is eating well, and using his litter box, confine your resident cat in another room and let the new cat explore the house. This allows the new cat to come in contact with the resident cat’s scent without direct contact. Another option is to exchange the cats’ bedding for a night.

Monitor the cats’ first encounter closely and limit the time they spend together at first. Some display of fearful or aggressive behavior (crouching, hissing, ears back) is to be expected, but you want to avoid letting them establish a pattern of aggressive or fearful behavior, which may be difficult to change. If these behaviors intensify, separate the cats again and go back to step one.

If they fight, distract and separate. If an actual fight breaks out, throw a towel over them (to distract them) or make a loud noise to separate them. Lure the new cat back to his sanctuary room (don’t pick him up while he’s still aroused) and give them a few days to calm down. Do not hold either cat in your arms during introductions: if either one reacts aggressively to the other cat, you could be scratched or bitten.

Continue to provide supervised encounters with both cats, watching closely for signs of tension or aggression. If one cat appears to be freezing, staring, or fixating on the other cat, have some treats or fun toys nearby to direct them away from each other. This will also continue to teach them that good things happen when the other cat is near.

Keep in mind that “success” doesn’t necessarily mean your cats will be best buddies. Some cats become bonded to one another while others spend the rest of their lives avoiding and hissing at each other. Realize that either of these scenarios might happen. Your goal in facilitating introductions is to set the stage for the cats to peacefully share their living quarters, but understand you simply cannot “make” them like each other.

This process takes time: count on 2-4 weeks if integrating a kitten and an adult, and 4-6 weeks (or longer) if integrating two adults.

While following this protocol will maximize your chances of success, know that some cats simply never learn to coexist peacefully. If you have followed the introduction process and do not see any improvement after a month’s time — especially if one cat is terrorizing or injuring the other — long-term success may be unrealistic. Rehoming one of the cats or keeping them permanently separate may be necessary for everyone’s safety.

Don't forget to take care of your first cat

Be sensitive to what a big change this is for your resident cat. Give him the security of his usual routine and his own special time with you. 6 recommendations of how to spend time with your cats as below:

1. Watch a nature show or show featuring animals.
2. Play with your cat.
3. Give your cat a treat.
4. Talk to your cat.
5. Brush their fur.
6. Cuddle and pet your cat.

Benefits and demerits of having two or more cats

There are benefits to having two cats, but they apply only when the two cats are well matched and have enough physical space to live together comfortably. One benefit is that the two cats provide each other with exercise, social interaction, and other forms of mental stimulation.

Cats housed together have more opportunity to “be cats” by socializing and playing with each other, and this means they are less likely to be destructive or engage in other problematic behavior.

For example, some single cats annoy their owners by trying to wake them during the night for play. Two cats might still wake the owner by tearing around the home, but at least the owner isn’t getting up out of bed to entertain the cat.

Another benefit of two cats is that they are sometimes cleaner than a cat living by itself. Cats will groom each other’s ears and coat, often getting at places the cat can’t reach on its own.

cats

Summary

Realize that multiple cats are not likely to be best buddies immediately. There are no guarantees and it’s always best to be super-cautious when introducing cats to each other. If you are adopting a cat that has already lived in a group at the shelter, consider adopting one of his/her friends. Introducing two friends to a new home can ease the transition, and you’ll be much more likely to have a successful merger.

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24/09/2021
Why the cat won't pee and possible diseases

Cats are generally masters of hiding illness; this is a survival instinct for them. For example, if your cat can’t pee for a while, it’s likely that he/she has a urinary obstruction, or blockage, which is an emergency situation. However, there are certain signs that can help you determine whether your cat is having trouble urinating. Learn how to recognize the signs of a urinary blockage, so you can help your cat before it's too late. ## **Why won't the cat pee?** Our cat can’t pee due to a urinary obstruction or blockage. A urinary obstruction occurs when the urethra becomes blocked and urine can not pass. Non-related diseases are: - Dehydration - Low blood pressure - A common reason why cats stop peeing is stress/trauma-like an accident. When there is a change in the routine, or environment, or a new pet or new people, it will make the cats stressed. They will tend to stop eating, drinking, peeing and pooping altogether for a few days. It usually happens with shy cats. ![Why won't the cat pee?](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/2OsmStgTCbMhRua6vnhE0J/2b0f2d4278e11254370342169887b082/paul-hanaoka-w2DsS-ZAP4U-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Paul Hanaoka](https://unsplash.com/@plhnk?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-pee?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Possible diseases** This symptom may be caused by sediment or crystals in the urine and/or inflammation in the urinary tract. Cats with urinary obstruction may or may not also have concurrent urinary tract infections. A urinary tract infection may be the cause or the result of the obstruction. Urinary obstructions are far more common in male cats than in female cats. This is because males have a longer and narrower urethra. The tiny amounts of sediment, mucus, or tissue inflammation can obstruct the urethra and make urination difficult or even impossible. \*inflammation of the bladder (cystitis) Cystitis is synonymous with the creation of microscopic mineral crystals in the cat's pee. These crystals can form uncomfortable stones and can be quite debilitating. It can cause a severe block in the urethra, causing your cat to have difficulty urinating or not be able to pee at all. \*renal failure: Acute renal failure develops suddenly, over a matter of days or weeks. It happens to cats of all ages and is usually the result of: Blockages that change the flow of blood into the kidney and the flow of urine out of it (such as in a male cat that can't pee because of an urethral blockage). ![Possible diseases](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/6RWCrcef3I7Avh84Cf0Z7z/60ffab86a5c22b9793b37cef77688852/42-north-OE7H8Zp1mw8-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [42 North](https://unsplash.com/@42north?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-pee?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **What to do when your cat won't pee?** It’s a serious symptom and the owners can’t do anything but bring the cat quickly to a vet clinic. The vet needs to do some tests and prepare for surgery as soon as possible. This can be fatal if the owner realizes too late. If a cat can not urinate, the kidneys can not perform their essential function of filtering toxins out of the blood and excreting them in the urine. Toxin levels in the body increase, making the cat very sick. Without medical attention, a blocked cat will eventually die. If your cat gets stressed due to the new environment or a dirty cat litter box, try to: - Bring her to a vet for a check. Your vet may prescribe medication and/or adjust her diet with therapeutic cat food, which can help relieve some urinary issues and get her on the path to feeling well again. - In addition to prescription medication and food, your vet can also offer suggestions on how to improve your home environment to calm all the cats in your household - You have cats that do not get along, feed them separately and give them their own litter box, bed, and hiding space to retreat to if things get stressful - A little more time with your cat and giving her positive attention to ease her mind - Keep the litter box and house very clean and make sure she is well-hydrated, which can relieve stress and reduce or eliminate feline urinary problems - Always leave fresh water for her to drink, but in most cases, when the cat is stressed, she/he will stop eating and drinking for a while as well - To play with her to get her to exercise and distract her from the stressful factors (new pet, new environment, etc.). Tips: You can prepare ahead if you know your routine will change soon or a big life change is on the horizon (a move, new person in your house, new animal, etc.): - To prepare your cat by finding items and toys she enjoys - A little extra pampering will help her feel more secure and may even distract her from the changes to come - Additionally, keep the litter box very clean and find a quiet place for her to relax ![What to do when your cat won't pee?](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/4UMP9FaQkuIkdONLfxNmZG/86cfa28a7107e9328381b443279926e4/matheus-queiroz-UhxJSJmT1R4-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Matheus Queiroz](https://unsplash.com/@queirozmm?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-pee?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Summary** If your cat can’t pee for a while, it’s likely that he/she has a urinary obstruction, or blockage, which is an emergency situation. Your cat can’t pee due to a urinary obstruction, or blockage. This symptom may be caused by sediment or crystals in the urine and/or inflammation in the urinary tract. The inflammation of the bladders or renal failure can lead to crystals in the cat’s urine system. Cats with urinary obstruction may or may not also have concurrent urinary tract infections. It’s a serious symptom and the owners can’t do anything but bring the cat quickly to a vet clinic. If your cat can’t pee due to stress/trauma, you can try to: bring her to a vet, feed them separately, spend more time with your cat, keep the litter box and the house clean, always prepare fresh water for her to drink, or play with her.

24/09/2021
How to Choose Cat Litter

When it comes to adopting a new cat, it’s not all about cat food, but owners should consider cat litter as well as other cat items. Many cat owners think that choosing a good cat litter is not as important as cat food. But it is not true. The fact is, cat litter is very essential to cat health due to cats' expectancy of hygiene. Choosing the wrong cat litter not only stresses the cat out, but also the cat owner. Let’s have a closer look at cat litter and be a wise cat owner with Fetch. ## **Why do cats need cat litter?** When taking a look into cat behaviour and their natural instincts, we find that they have an intuitive desire to bury and cover their waste in order to hide their presence and scent from other animals in the area. This behaviour is even seen in kittens who have not observed their mother doing the same. It’s an instinct that rarely requires teaching. This is something cat owners see when their cat is utilizing the litter box. The feline will often dig in the litter and then cover the waste before disappearing to another area of the house. ## **Points for choosing cat litter** Cat litter can be divided into many sections, based on its features, materials, scents, safety, prices, and brands. Below are some common features that you can find in some cat litter brands. ### **Flush it down the toilet** Not all types of cat litter are flushable, and flushing the non-flushable cat litter can clog pipes. Many types of cat litter are designed to absorb moisture, and will expand by as much as 15 times its original size. Even if the granules of cat litter have already expanded somewhat at the time of flushing, they could expand by much more once they enter the pipes. Choosing to flush the wrong type of cat litter could be devastating to your plumbing. The flushable cat litter is quite expansive, and it is-it will be noticeable on the cat litter bag. But to make sure, you can ask the pet shop if the cat litter is flushable or not. The flushable toilet cat litter which can be found easily in Vietnam is the flushable tofu litter (many brands), example as in the picture below. ![](https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/uS20X_57UIfgPx7X7-ifR7IYD03dWfjzq9BnqWPeQ4um1pCvDEKQCwNox2J3HovdIxq3Gde54yU8wLJULiM8U4DTmJM4DF3zCwajRSSe3hhsm8ZGTdISoNBoJPtKpjUV0X63NJB5=s0) ### **No splattering** Most cat owners are well aware of their cat’s habit of kicking litter out of her litter box and creating a splattering scene, but they might not know why she does it. While this might be a frustrating and untidy habit for pet parents to manage, it’s entirely common and shouldn’t be a cause for concern. Unfortunately, no cat litter can prevent this problem, even though a bigger size or pipe shape of cat litter can decrease this a bit. Plus, you can prepare a bigger toilet box and add more litter to help the cat be less messy. ![](https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/8e5bG9mxsn6o4kOPxfV0q534Ib5CnXXPK2KD0IO9ZvQ6ZDmbpZjtUnfOxCSs8MquFm3ScXoD-TeDol1E-P8tKqI2_3P7rbLPWQeKP4q9i98CYLdEYi9CYdwRaw3rUa_9MkRwZQO6=s0) A cat toilet box with lid can prevent the splattering litter ![](https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/FOSOHaluyfOJjyQW3e60e_WiQs7AS0AponP7xRrywu34c_ocJTpJDt4VZu85v-kq_bRUbkdOglBQH97vtz918BXyj19FBrApZ2zRAZMkYYyemlrrzxfg8J08rxJoRPogUO8MZoYD=s0) For example, wooden cat litter is usually made in pipe shape which help less splattering ### **Easy to clump** Clay litter is the most common and cheap material for clumping litter in the pet market. It was also one of the first cat litter materials introduced to the Vietnamese pet market. Later on, more materials are found for making easy-to-clump cat litter such as tofu, corn, wheat, etc. Clumping cat litters are those that are designed so that urine and feces can be removed easily from the box without having to empty the entire box. Most contain a material known as bentonite that allows the litter to form a nice solid clump as the litter absorbs liquid. There are also alternative all-natural fibers that can help clump the cat litter tightly. Once the litter is clumped together, it can be removed from the litter box—along with any feces in the box—relatively easily. Just scoop out the soiled litter from the box and leave the clean litter in its place. The ability to scoop and remove soiled litter from the box means that the box stays cleaner longer. As soiled litter is removed from the box, it can simply be replenished by adding an equal amount of fresh litter. ![](https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/kdrKFFkpYuOIHg3ssOf3TqN7mnfdQT-nh74uHnSeD2nvpBcZsu2WT9bZOcq8uMh6POhFQKhdqsieuvlvQ3m0gUw9tzQ0hqZREiWX-Uj3I2B1C1BKLd9pykVHXtc3gYj716w_pdRP=s0) ### **The deodorizing effect** Nowadays, people tend to live in a small, closed apartment more. To prevent the odor, many brands added a deodorized effect to cat litters. But unfortunately, the litter is not super powerful. If you don't clean the box itself, the smell won't go away, and deodorized litter won't work well. There is also an argument that the deodorized litters contain chemicals which are not good for sensitive animals like cats. Cats breathe in the artificial fragrance, which is much stronger for them. The dust from the litter can cling to their fur, and they are forced to smell it all day. ![](https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/_7xItlNghgcjqaBlkjFWiGvN5uVB0Td-_SzuNyxa-TdXQuww-A_JO4E4Bca4lbEoE1QGGZ7OspXLrGYJhYpLRr27chaJo5BVNK1B-Evi_ry9QUgljmEotYxd3egZiBnbaKVB8PfN=s0) ### **Safe for cats to eat** Whether your cat eats litter due to pica, boredom, or another reason entirely—your first concern might be for your cat’s safety.  Litter is not good for cats to eat, but some litter is more dangerous than others. Clumping litter contains sodium bentonite, and it is especially dangerous for cats. The sodium bentonite can clump inside of their intestines and cause a blockage. In extreme cases, it can even cause bentonite toxicosis when ingested. Not all litter is created equal. For a litter that doesn’t contain sodium bentonite and is safe for cats to eat, consider one made from food-based products such as wheat or corn.  It's popular in Vietnam is the wood and tofu edible cat litter. ![](https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/Ufr_M0dI_9xBALpKtknJ6_AXGTCyx5aAJPQGk4jCGhzprZMxr13PN4go9wI6lZXsdqhAxrwtm2OZuhgllExB9bXWM3LJB0-GTHA1K2kAUoryS_7pbldzYb6Amn9hf9FyzWZhLMz-=s0) For example, Cat’s Best cat litter is made from wood and is advertised as safe for kittens to eat. ### **Good cost performance** Clay litters are the most inexpensive and can produce solid clumps to make scooping easier. You don't need to add baking soda or pee pads to make them work. And because clay litter dominates the market, it comes in a variety of scents and grain sizes. ![](https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/Rd4gBEuMsz5hMYFhhZ7wmKe-HoEwTgHvnkwqCgI_O4443W_4Qqd9yy-fZDAXmYp95l-1j0RDznGVJFJt6wH6N-frS-zs35ne7qwQT71zqvuShGDCz5aMWto9Wh9_8bwwgCfu6U96=s0) The cheapest cat litter in Vietnam is Genki brand. ## **Types of Cat Litter** Most cat owners choose cat litter based on the materials rather than the brand. The main materials are: paper, wood, silica gel, clay. ### **Paper cat litter** Paper cat litter is not very popular in Vietnam. Popular for cats with injuries to their paws, paper litters can be processed, recycled paper material or simply shredded newspaper. These litters have little dust or concern for irritating wounds, no fragrances, are softer than clay litters, and are absorbent. Unfortunately, these litters do not clump or control odors very well, so they are often only used for short periods of time. It can be flush down the toilet as long as it is made from pure paper. It is less splattering than other round shaped cat litters. Safe for cats to eat, but the price is quite expensive. ![](https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/2Ty-mKGQgZKog2tR85FxK4uFKgRXAnl7oc13p-bCcfdbD-s-rvQJJKifiO7TpWkpFb6Sx2sdZ1MSxNoF1ZUFpPiACtqUaL7Ox0poezmvDXb9dP28wHDvtls1fUYAYFazw_3Gk2ND=s0) It’s not very easy to clump and quite pricey. That is why paper cat litter is not popular in Vietnam so it’s hard to buy. ### **Wooden cat litter** Wooden cat litters are rare and expensive in Vietnam. It doesn’t stick to your cat’s paws, so there is no tracking and your cat doesn’t experience the discomfort of having things stuck in her paws. It produces very little to no dust. It is biodegradable and sustainable. It is 100% natural: typical wood pellet litter doesn’t have any added scents or chemicals. Its disposal options are varied, useful, and easy: You can flush down most types or use them as compost. Wood pellet litters weigh lighter than standard clay litter. They are entirely safe for your cat. The chances of ingesting pellets are very low, but even if she does, your cat will be fine. Many wood pellet litters are flush-safe. It has a naturally fresh, earthy scent because of its material, which also helps with odor control. Wood pellet litters are a bit more pricey in general when compared to the usual clay-based litters. It may be hard to switch to pellet litter because most cats prefer fine-grained texture as litter. The fact that wood pellet litter doesn’t clump can be considered a drawback for people who are used to scooping clumping litter. Some cats may not like the scent of pine or they may be allergic to the material. Wooden cat litter has similar pros and cons as the paper litter: Pros: can flush it down the toilet, no splattering, have the deodorizing effect, Safe for cats to eat. Cons: not easy to clump and pricey. ![](https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/2ZWXIeuSxCnPaJKCWRJPcEWIPZ9lX__95naf9JqYR6z0LLn-axUIGk0aKrCWXlFYwuh-k6w43BjRdJyQpNaABqtVk6P3QMSoOdmel1jibAN0pUZqz20wqZkVMpBVKc8pFLAjhMwT=s0) Cat’s Best is one of the legal imported wooden cat litter in Vietnam. ![](https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/iZmc7awUOrl7YHyk2UV4pB3fdxtogKYB1HFUUkDGo6v65Cvb8S7yBpogy_4Phb043nB3LqUGw0ywo8p7lnxt9ZV3kpmyRjze_HPSIhBb5fWXWecCtsCJjxY04SV9tsn-6pQ9FXyX=s0) Another wooden cat litter brand ### **Silica gel cat litter** Silica gel litter is probably the second most common after clay cat litter in Vietnam. Growing in popularity, silica gel cat litter is made by several different companies. Most companies advertise that silica gel litter is not as dusty as clay, traps urine without having to scoop it out of the litter, lasts longer than the same amount of clay litter, offers excellent odor control, and is sometimes even preferred by cats over clay litter. Silica gel litter is usually more expensive than a clay litter bag of the same weight, but since it lasts longer, some pet owners do not see a significant price difference. Pro: Excellent deodorizing effect, good cost cause can last for a long time Cons: can’t flush down toilet, spattering, not easy to clump, not safe for cat to eat. ![](https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/BrBZhdvevRvtBY1-N-Sbx6ONB-8hiicg7f6WQPoij7p32lnrrJhUpIh8aAJfHDp6H5fjLCPZXwoF4IBxdtQLn2BG4x0d3qnlflR3DGIdgY64EtJw9E6Sc2ONo-6ln-YI8HVmNmuw=s0) ### **Bentonite cat litter (Clay cat litter)** Clay litter is the most common and cheap cat litter in Vietnam. Clay cat litter is the most popular litter choice for cat owners, probably in part because it is also one of the most well established and easy to come by. Low dust and dust-free options are available, along with scented or unscented varieties. Some of these litters are made up of large pieces of clay and others are a finer clay particle, but they all absorb urine and turn into a softer, wet cement-like texture when they do. There are even clay litters that contain attractants to entice a difficult cat to use the litter box more. There are two main types of clay cat litter: clumping and non-clumping. Clumping cat litter is often preferred by many cat owners who like to scoop the urine waste out of the litter box regularly, but others like the lower cost of non-clumping litter and will dump the entire litter box contents when necessary. Some disadvantages of clay litter include the fact that it is not environmentally friendly, the amount of dust that is present, the heavy weight of the litter, and how much the litter tracks through the house. However, the price point and availability of most clay litters still make them a popular choice for cat owners. ![cat litter](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/5aNq3jzIt0PD6N497RmMUV/c36f8dbf8f04c89196785088630288f0/ScreenShot-2021-09-25-__5.00.34.png) Pros: Cheapest among the cat litter, easy to clump. Cons: not flushable, splattering, not good deodorizing effect, not safe for cats to eat. ## **How to replace cat litter with a new one** ### 1\. Gradual Changeover to the New Cat Litter This is the safest method because it gives your cat time to adjust to the difference without it being overwhelming. In most cases, if you go slowly enough, your cat won’t even realize a change is taking place. The way to do the gradual changeover is to mix a small amount of the new litter in with the current brand every day for several days. This changeover should typically take place over three to five days. If you have a cat whom you know, from previous experience, really reacts negatively to change, then it’s best to stretch out the changeover over the full five days. If you’re switching from a traditional non-clumping clay litter to a scoopable litter, then keep in mind that the new litter won’t effectively form clumps until there’s very little of the old litter left. ### 2\. Litter Box Buffet Line If you know your cat doesn’t like the current brand of litter you’ve been using, or if you’re unsure what type of litter he would prefer, you can set out an additional litter box with the new type of litter. Keep the current litter box with his usual brand as well. He’ll let you know which one he prefers. You can do this with multiple additional boxes if you’re undecided between a few types of litter. Once he has been successfully and routinely using the new litter, you can remove the other litter boxes. ### 3\. No Abrupt Changes When it Comes to Cat Litter The worst thing you can do when it comes to changing litter brands or types is to merely dump out the contents of his current box and fill it with an unfamiliar litter. Every time your cat goes to the litter box, as a creature of habit, he is expecting to come across the same texture against his paw pads and the same scent (or unscented). Even if you’re absolutely sure he’ll like the new litter better, use one of the above two methods rather than using the element of surprise. ## **Summary** Many cat owners think that choosing a good cat litter is not as important as cat food. Choosing the wrong cat litter not only stresses the cat out, but also the cat owner. When taking a look into cat behaviour and their natural instincts, we find that they have an intuitive desire to bury and cover their waste in order to hide their presence and scent from other animals in the area. This is something cat owners see when their cat is utilizing the litter box. The feline will often dig in the litter and then cover the waste before disappearing to another area of the house. Cat litter can be divided into many different features, such as: flushable, no splattering, easy to clump, deodorizing effect, safe for cats to eat, and good price. Cat litter can be divided into many materials, such as: paper, wood, silica gel, and clay. To replace cat litter with a new one, please follow these rules: gradual change over to the new cat litter, litter box buffet line, and no abrupt changes when it comes to cat litter.

24/09/2021
Do cats get diarrhea from stress?

Definitely, anxiety can definitely do a number on a person's stomach. The same is true with kitties.  Stress can cause vomiting and diarrhea in cats. It can also cause Fluffy to lose her appetite. Let’s see the causes and how to prevent your lovely kittens from diarrhea with Fetch. ## **Causes of Diarrhea in Cats** There are many reasons which can cause cat diarrhea. Including: stress, food, sickness, parasites, accidental congestion and constipation. ### **Stress** Just like with people, stress/anxiety/excitement can result in GI upset (especially lower bowel irritation or colitis) ### **Food** A sudden change in diet or the introduction of a new food (or hunting/scavenging food outside) is a common cause of mild and transient diarrhoea. Often this settles down as the intestine adapts to the new diet. This is particularly common in younger cats and when hand-rearing or weaning a kitten the use of foods not designed for the cat, or overfeeding, are common mistakes which can lead to diarrhoea. In some cases, older cats (especially those that go outside) may consume spoiled (decayed) meat that can cause diarrhoea. Some cats may not be able to tolerate certain foods, and in these cases the diarrhoea will not resolve until the diet has been changed – a good example is that many cats are intolerant of the lactose (sugar) present in milk. ### **Sickness** A wide variety of different infectious agents can cause diarrhoea in cats. These include viruses (often causing mild and transient diarrhoea, although some viruses such as feline parvovirus and feline leukaemia virus can cause severe life-threatening disease), bacteria (such as Salmonella and Campylobacter) and parasites (such as Giardia, Tritrichomonas and coccidia). Infectious agents will frequently affect more than one cat in a household, and are more common in younger cats. ### **Parasites** Kittens should have their stool checked for parasites or worms three to four times as they mature into teenagers. Adult cats should have parasite screenings annually. Mother cats pass worms and other pathogens to their babies and adult cats can be infected for life or otherwise become infected through hunting (even insects). If diarrhea is lasting more than two days, take your cat to the veterinarian for screening. Especially in a tropical country like Vietnam, there are more parasites, and they last longer in the environment than temperate or cold weather countries. Many vets recommend owners to deworm the kittens once every month until they are 6 month old. After that, you can deworm them once after 2-3 months. ### **Accidental ingestion** And a cat who has gotten into the trash or eaten rich ‘people food’ can experience diarrhea. If the stool is soft but formed, the cat is not vomiting and is eating normally, a trip to the veterinary office can be delayed a day or two to see if the stool returns to normal on its own. ### **Constipation** Constipation may seem counterintuitive, but older cats are prone to developing motility problems in their colons leading to constipation. In these cases, the cats often manage to only pass a small amount of more liquid stools around the obstruction. ![Causes of Diarrhea in Cats](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/5oy3Aknitz0E8DI4RGXXDN/409a194fd5a114ff04faaf219e6c779e/eric-han-WJ6fmN1D-h0-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Eric Han](https://unsplash.com/@madeyes?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-toilet?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **What to do when your cat has stress-induced diarrhea** Because there are so many potential causes of diarrhea in cats, you should check with your veterinarian what is the underlying reason. Stress-induced diarrhea is not easy to diagnose. The only way to diagnose it is when the vet removes all of the other potential causes. If cat owners notice a big change in the cat's life, like moving house or there is a new pet or a new family member. You should acknowledge the vet to see if it’s the reason. The vet will prescribe some medicines for the diarrhea, and if the stress is the reason causing the diarrhea, owners can try some therapy as below to reduce the stress and the diarrhea for your cat. ![What to do when your cat has stress-induced diarrhea](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/40ynSWVy1VEBWnOvQNNNC/e545678ec792fbebf026a927cb0f72b1/tina-xinia-MmcR2-AcTtE-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Tina Xinia](https://unsplash.com/@xinimini?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-toilet?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **How to prevent stress-induced diarrhea in cats** Any kind of stress is capable of stressing the cats out. Even stress-induced diarrhea tends to happen when the cats have big changes in life such as moving or the family is having a new member, other small details also can stress them and build up a big stress-which can lead to the diarrhea finally. So owners should avoid anything that might stress the cats in general. ### 1\. Make sure your cat has everything it needs It might seem obvious, but ensuring your cat has a litter tray, food and water bowls and even a scratching post can help reduce stress. Where you put these items can also have a surprising impact on your cat’s stress levels too. Keep litter trays away from eating areas, for example, and make sure your cat’s resources aren’t in an area with lots of noise or people. ### 2\. Give your cat some space Cats are solitary creatures, so they don’t like to be crowded by others – that counts for other cats, other pets and even children or other family members. Ensuring your cat always has space to escape from the chaos is a good way to reduce their stress. A quiet spot, preferably somewhere high up, is ideal. Try a cardboard box on a sturdy shelf, for example. ### 3\. Try not to handle them if they’re not keen While many cats like to be stroked for a long period of time, others are happier to enjoy their own company. Some cats might be quick to tell you that they’re unhappy while others are more subtle in their behaviour. Pay attention to their body language and always make sure they have the freedom to move away from you when they wish. ### 4\. Avoid cat intruders If your cat is stressed due to a neighbourhood cat invading their space (or your garden), it can be tricky to eradicate the issue. If you know who the cat belongs to, and you’re on good terms with the owner, you could try a friendly chat. Make the suggestion to ‘share the space’ by ensuring the cats explore outdoors at different times. Otherwise, ensuring your cat has plenty of resources both indoors and outdoors (e.g. places to toilet, get up high, drink from) should keep them calm. ### 5\. Help them to handle changes before they happen Like we mentioned, these are the most common reasons which cause the stress-induced diarrhea in cats. So please pay more attention here: Cats are creatures of habit. Routine is important to them, so anything that disrupts this can leave them feeling stressed. Whether you’re planning to move house, have building work completed or welcome a new baby into your home, preparing your cat for the changes reduces the risk of stress. During house moves and improvements, cats are often much better temporarily staying in a cattery to keep them calm. With new babies, you can get your cat prepared for their new arrival with this advice guide, which includes getting them familiar with baby sounds and how to make the nursery off-limits. ![How to prevent stress-induced diarrhea in cats](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/2NyfG47592HRi5sbqECx6b/d27c7790e41922f9e17415f4b082e201/litter-robot-dYnqzfx7Dk8-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Litter Robot](https://unsplash.com/@litterrobot?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-litter?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Summary** Definitely, anxiety can definitely do a number on a person's stomach. The same is true with kitties.   There are many reasons which can cause cat diarrhea. Including: stress, food, sickness, parasites, accidental congestion and constipation. Because there are so many potential causes of diarrhea in cats, you should check with your veterinarian what is the underlying reason. Any kind of stress is capable of stressing the cats out. So owners should avoid anything that might stress the cats in general.

24/09/2021
Why do cats play so actively at night?

It is not uncommon for cat owners to experience situations where their cats wake them up during the night by meowing, scratching at the door, or knocking things off shelves and counter tops. Let’s see why they are so active at night and how to prevent it if it is affecting you negatively. ## **Why do cats play so actively at night?** There are a few reasons why your cats are so active at night. Mostly it comes from their natural instinct, but other reasons can make it worse, such as: he does not get enough play time, or stress, or getting used to the owner's schedule, or he is in mating season. ### **Cat instinct** Cats are crepuscular, which means that they are most active at dawn and dusk. However, some house cats, that either started off as strays or spent a lot of time outdoors, may develop the habit of being most active at night due to the fact that nighttime is when their prey is most active. ### **Not getting enough playtime** Young cats are full of energy and can be rambunctious at any time of day or night. If she doesn’t burn her energy during the day, then she will likely spend it during the night. ### **Stress** Fear or stress may cause your cat to hide during the day, when people and other animals are most active, and then come out at night when they feel safe. ### **Getting used to the owner's schedule** Your cat is responding to your schedule. Many owners first start to interact and play with their cats when they get home in the evenings.  This causes a shift in the cats’ day and results in them reaching their peak activity level at night. ### **Mating season** Heat cycles may start as early as the fourth or fifth month of a kitten's life. Crying, meowing, and yowling are all often loudly heard from a cat in heat, which is mainly at night-their active time. These vocalizations are to get attention and let other cats know that they are in heat. ## **How to prevent them from playing actively at night?** Owners can try to play with cats more during the day, or right before sleep time, get the cat spayed or neutered, and provide them with a safe place to sleep. These can help the cat to be less active at night, and hopefully, get them to sleep at night instead. ### **Let them play with toys during the day** Cats sleep a lot during the day because their environment is not very stimulating. The following ideas can help stimulate your cat during the day, so they don’t sleep all day. You can try these recommendations and see if they work: - Provide interactive toys during the day, like battery-operated motion toys. ![](https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/Zbz6Si7Sxdy4OxrKAyw_MAw3U4doze3oUGbvzOs3b17SyjOREmxCNmMen07KkMlaK1qNSFhO9Gll5kowrLXItM2cvnQpWO6e33Qx0vpsj7LloMkB6sTZNNy2IbxLS-U2HX00Qpz7=s0) - Install a window perch so your cat can observe the butterflies, squirrels, and other wildlife in your yard. ![](https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/JrL29OegpiRl6VlNrmhTl5Bh4X_vHopiiydTAgJZJH-T3utf-QgJaBJoJmyhoUPZrriLgmxui6C8w-21hlkCr2PhgsKD4oH69QmGpmYo34N73RLLuYG3KmIm92GAib1Khr-Cx8nK=s0) - Install a birdfeeder outside your window ![](https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-KeGwsPznWbE06k91M4JG4mBFtGx65ZSPJyb_xU_Z3fxYHh9rmgyGJ4dpRe8ICJhbApHqjKLlif5IZEzM9-pqln8vaTkjJeDQamKAJmEH52vYKJVYlxdw3sJRtbOyPkWJQ8rTwxP=s0) - Feed your cat a puzzle feeder toy, to help her meal time be interesting ![](https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/QQgJPOkOf1GoVDCWv5N9T8wrBGcabk0fWrrsl_X5gMnEzM81MIBZOs8_caZs2nGo3OeFZWxGjUxaDEjnCwIW_0yKKwfnq6YlWBInlOl4D0Wq3K6xSh2xKNKFe4JqUyjYkqWyHc9a=s0) - Hide dry kibble or dry cat treats around the house, so your cat has to seek them out. You can buy some toys like the mice below to hide their meals in some high or hidden places around the house. ![](https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/Rt5fiTd76r4mGau1GlrjmGoXYjQrapY4845YlaTssIp21viJlSEw65fJIPrHKZnBHlkqUct4vlCOFPdyFNf3Fo0tHKussXd9y67XZx4kQb-bDx-zIG9ECbBBhd2FSzzRUorau6Cx=s0) ![](https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/DFmuBio6sv9ToCjOpzSBX2RJZ7vYVPjwAouErKm3FQE4wzj57vmUs4-cXJkP31ctUQVkAY62mASojA-uRYpLReU2YCEJaSCHvaD3OkTbHBaS72YDMPM46oD3LXg7rHUzm5RBhE9m=s0) ### **No excitement before sleep** Owners should play with cats during the day to help them to stimulate their bodies and minds. But if the owners don’t have enough time, then you can play with them right before bed. It will definitely help the cats to wear off their energy and leave the owners to sleep in peace. This can easily conflict with one of the reasons why cats keep awake at night-when the cat gets used to the owner’s schedule. To clarify this: - This problem only happens when the owners keep playing with the cats late at night (later than the owner’s normal sleeping time), so the cats get used to it - Instead, to prevent this mistake, you might set up a fixed time to play with the cats daily. For example, you usually go to sleep at 10pm, then you should play with the cats at around 9.30pm. And the playing time should stick to the same amount (20-30mins each time). ### **Get spayed or neutered** Spaying your female cats or neutering your male cats not only stops the mating sounds at night, but also prevents them from many health issues. It prevents unwanted litters and greatly decreases mammary cancer risks in female cats, as well as spraying/marking in male cats, but still allows kittens time to grow. Kittens can enter their first heat cycle as young as four months, but usually not until they are five or six months old. The recommended time from vets for spaying or neutering your cat is 6 months, but it can be earlier if their cycles come sooner. You just need to bring your kitten to the vet clinic for a check to confirm the proper time. Kittens sterilized at an early age quickly bounce back from surgery. ### **Provide a safe place to sleep** Cats like to regularly switch between different sleeping locations to protect themselves from fleas and other parasites, so it’s best to provide them with a few different beds situated around the house. If you have more than one cat, make sure each cat has a few different beds they can call their own. Cats are solitary and so, typically, they don’t like to share, unless they are a bonded pair. Cats feel safest when they are somewhere up high, as this keeps them away from any potential dangers at ground level and means they have a good vantage point to see their surroundings. Having elevated sleeping areas, such as beds on shelves, the tops of wardrobes or the backs of sofas, is a good idea, but make sure they are still easily accessible, especially if your cat is old or ill. Make sure your cat’s beds are away from any draughty areas, but also not too close to any heat sources – the temperature should be not too cold or too warm, but just right. Soft, fleecy beds provide the most comfort, and if they have tall sides that your cat can hide behind, such as a cardboard box, that’s even better. Position your cat’s sleeping spots away from any noisy appliances (such as washing machines) and busy areas of the home (such as the hallway). A quiet corner of a bedroom or living room is ideal, and once your cat is snoozing, make sure you leave them alone to avoid startling them awake. When washing your cat’s bedding, avoid washing all of their beds at the same time. Cats rely heavily on smell to understand the world around them, so they leave at least one bed with a reassuring scent behind to help them feel safe. Then, when they’ve moved on to sleep in a clean bed, you can wash the dirty one. Cats like to sleep away from where they eat, drink and use the toilet, so make sure there is plenty of space between their food bowl, water bowl, litter tray and beds. You can, however, place their scratch post close to their favorite bed, as they often like to have a stretch and scratch just after they’ve woken up. ## **Summary** It is not uncommon for cat owners to experience situations where their cats wake them up during the night by meowing, scratching at the door, or knocking things off shelves and counter tops. There are a few reasons why your cats are so active at night. Mostly it comes from their natural instinct, but other reasons can make it worse, such as: he does get enough play time, or stress, or getting used to the owner's schedule, or he is in mating season. Owners can try to play with cats more during the day, or right before sleep time, get the cat spayed or neutered, and provide them with a safe place to sleep. These can help the cat to be less active at night, and hopefully, get them to sleep at night instead.

09/08/2021
5 Signs and solutions your cat is hot

Although cats are originally desert animals, domestic cats aren't built to withstand extreme heat for long periods of time.  Just like humans, cats are also vulnerable to heat exhaustion or even heat stroke. Therefore, it’s important to watch out for signs your cat is overheated, especially during the hot months (in Vietnam it is from April to November) as temperature rises. When you know what to look for, you can make sure your cat stays nice and chill. ![5 Signs and solutions your cat is hot](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/brkgFYNNoOxSS7oTqDasY/f8376b2cf7185c605e8b67c9118a90bd/echo-RXUUv2culkI-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Echo](https://unsplash.com/@transparent?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-ears?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **A cat shows their stomach** First of all, the belly is a very vulnerable place. A host of vital organs sits mere millimeters under the skin of your cat’s tummy, and damage to any of them could be potentially fatal. Cats are therefore highly likely to guard their bellies from potential injuries. Like dogs, cats have been known to roll over and expose their stomachs to the people they know.  When they show you their stomach, it means they feel comfortable around you, not that they are feeling hot. ![A cat shows their stomach](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/3LiaxDfAJjGAP226txGIcZ/694bdbe817a02a1d071a081aff33a5fc/pexels-anel-rossouw-2558605-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Anel Rossouw](https://www.pexels.com/ja-jp/@anelrossouw?utm_content=attributionCopyText&utm_medium=referral&utm_source=pexels) on [Pexels](https://www.pexels.com/ja-jp/photo/2558605/?utm_content=attributionCopyText&utm_medium=referral&utm_source=pexels) ## **Breathe with their tongue out** Although it's perfectly normal for dogs to pant as a way to cool off, this behavior is more concerning for cats. If you see your cat breathe with their tongue out, it is an acute sign. Check the environment temperature to see if it’s hotter than normal. The average temperature range for cats is between 99.5 and 102.5 Fahrenheit (37.5-39 Celsius degrees). Anything above that puts your pet in the range for suffering heat stroke. Signs of heatstroke include panting, mental dullness, bruising, and seizures. It should be noted that these signs can be the result of other conditions, and are very serious, so if noted, the cat should be taken to a veterinarian for evaluation immediately. Unlike dogs, panting is always an emergency in cats. If it’s a particularly hot day, and you’re outdoors, move to a cooler location immediately. Or if your room/place is too hot, turn on the fan and air conditioner. ![Breathe with their tongue out](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/sN1ZveGWbPQTFoFuJgTsI/b8c718fa6c6513a7b51522fe255d4951/miron-cristina-HW_6USwudbo-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Miron Cristina](https://unsplash.com/@crismiron?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-tongue?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Grooming all the time** Grooming all the time or overgrooming is when a cat spends an abnormally large amount of time obsessively grooming itself.  This is a reaction when a cat feels stressed. The hot temperature can be a reason to stress the cat out. When a cat licks itself, endorphins, which are natural "feel good" neurotransmitters made by the brain, are released. These endorphins are the chemicals that make the sensation of self-grooming feel comforting. Therefore, if your cat is feeling hot, it may resort to this comforting behavior. Try some methods as below to help your cat: - Firstly, cool down the environment temperature (take your cat inside or turn on the fan and AC). - Play therapy is also a great stress reliever. It can help build your kitty's self-confidence and help it associate a positive experience with the new house or a new pet or person. Interactive games are best, such as chase-the-fishing-pole lure or laser tag for cats. - Play some music to relax your cat. David Teie is very famous for having music with the cat-centric sounds to heal and cool the cats. ![Grooming all the time](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/ki1jA0LkUv5rFSJ9BiUpF/1e8fe2f0768f059690a0db9ec4b80d6d/joyful-kvUTrJdsYg8-unsplash-683x1024.jpg) Photo by [Joyful](https://unsplash.com/@joyfulcaptures?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-grooming?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Not moving actively** Normally, most adult cats tend to spend a lot of time sleeping. But if your cat shows signs of lethargy or general weakness, then they may be overheating.  A cat who seems unusually tired, to the point where they are uninterested in meals or playtime, could possibly be dealing with heat exhaustion. Similarly, cooling down the environment will help the cat get back its energy. Owners will see improvement in a couple of hours. ![Not moving actively](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/1CCdzcwqiduqYRTiaOmvy6/9463ad60478cb213d47f09c3b1204ef9/paul-hanaoka-LcAZcVWsCIo-unsplash-1-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Paul Hanaoka](https://unsplash.com/@plhnk?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-appetite?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Loss of appetite** This is normal. A recent research shows that most cats will eat approximately 15% less in the warmer months, even if they are predominantly indoor cats. It is believed that cats use less energy maintaining their body temperature in summer and therefore require less food.  It is totally normal if your cat doesn’t eat much during the hot season, as long as the room temperature is not over 39 C degrees. You can try to add some new wet food or treats into her/his bowl to spice them up. Playing a bit with your cat before the meal time also can help. ## **Summary** - Although cats are originally desert animals, domestic cats aren't built to withstand extreme heat for long periods of time. - When cats show you their stomach, it means they feel comfortable around you, not that they are feeling hot. - If you see your cat breathe with their tongue out, it is an acute sign. Check the environment temperature to see if it’s hotter than normal. - Over grooming is a reaction when a cat feels stressed. The hot temperature can be a reason to stress the cat out. - A recent research shows that most cats will eat approximately 15% less in the warmer months, even if they are predominantly indoor cats. - In all cases, owners should check the environment temperature and try to cool it down. Other things you can try are playing with your cat, adding new food or new treats, and playing relaxing music for cats. If your cat’s symptoms didn’t improve, you can take him/her to a vet clinic to do some general checks.

20/07/2021
Cat and Water

To paraphrase a popular saying, you can lead a cat to water, but you can't make her drink (or do anything she doesn't want to, really). However, once you determine that she isn't sipping often enough, there are a few ways to get your cat to drink water. ## **Cats are animals that don't drink much water** Cats don't drink as much per kilogram of body weight as do dogs. Therefore, the amount of water your cat needs varies with the food she eats and her environment. Cats usually drink about an ounce (30ml) of water for every half ounce (15g) of dry food they eat. Wet food, on the other hand, provides your kitty with food and moisture at once and can help her stay hydrated. ![Cats are animals that don't drink much water](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/QI2uG2lxXkjSMgXpZNWhH/cc7d97408437dcedbf812195f7484748/dorothea-oldani-c01oPaDbxWw-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Dorothea OLDANI](https://unsplash.com/@dorographie?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-water?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **What happens if cats don't drink enough water?** When a cat doesn't consume enough water, she is at risk for dehydration. Dehydration occurs when the normal body fluids, including water and electrolytes, fall below required needs, causing problems in her energy, skin and organ function. A cat not drinking water isn't always the cause for dehydration, but often it's a fairly common reason or symptom of dehydration. ![What happens if cats don't drink enough water?](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/1EjorExVmkJ7QjD0HamyWL/47d8a09479e1dc892dd790df7b1baa85/cat-2596037_1280-1024x682.jpg) Photo by [suju-foto](https://pixabay.com/ja/users/suju-foto-165106/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=2596037) on [Pixabay](https://pixabay.com/ja/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=2596037) ## **What to do when cats don't drink water** If your cat won't drink out of a water bowl, try a water fountain that offers her the benefit of continually fresh water and the bonus of splashing it around. A cat fountain also saves water (and money on your water bill) because you don't have to leave your bathroom faucet running. Some cats also don't like the idea of still water. It goes back to their ancestral instincts that running water is safer to drink. Changing up your kitty's environment may urge her to drink more water. One way to do this is to offer your cat multiple drinking stations: place water dishes around the house, including in places that will be new and might make her curious. A variety of bowl materials like ceramic, metal and glass may also encourage her to taste-test and investigate. Eating wet food will help to hydrate your cat. Dry food is only about 10 percent water, but wet food can be up to 70 percent liquid. If your cat doesn't care for canned food, you can add water to dry kibble or combine wet and dry food in the same dish. ![What to do when cats don't drink water](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/2eui9oLICchcGHweGwen67/dee0abef068d9d1cbedb0f150411b899/cats-1092532_1920-681x1024.jpg) Photo by [Marja Brouwer](https://pixabay.com/ja/users/marjabrouwer-1289732/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=1092532) on [Pixabay](https://pixabay.com/ja/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=1092532) ## **If your cat drinks too much water** If you notice that your cat is drinking more than usual, this may indicate that something is amiss. Increased water intake is known as ‘polydipsia’.  Polydipsia is defined as a cat drinking more than 100ml per kg of their body weight per day, but any cat that is drinking more than usual should be seen by a vet, as this may indicate that something is amiss. Of course, let the vet know the amount your cat is drinking if you have measured it. The most common causes of increased thirst and drinking are: - Kidney (renal) dysfunction - Liver (hepatic) disease - Diabetes mellitus (‘sugar diabetes’) - Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) - Urinary tract disease - Compensatory increased water intake, eg, losses after vomiting or diarrhoea ![If your cat drinks too much water](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/217jVwHoy1y0HqGneCgU39/d797f9b3c07f893e4aa52c56364163cf/cat-mia-703410_1280-1024x576.jpg) Photo by [wei lee](https://pixabay.com/ja/users/s9234460-903541/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=703410) on [Pixabay](https://pixabay.com/ja/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=703410) ## **Summary** Once you determine that your cat isn't sipping often enough, there are a few ways to get her to drink water. When a cat doesn't consume enough water, she is at risk for dehydration. If your cat won't drink out of a water bowl, try a water fountain that offers her the benefit of continually fresh water and the bonus of splashing it around. Changing up your kitty's environment may urge her to drink more water. Eating wet food will help to hydrate your cat. If you notice that your cat is drinking more than usual, this may indicate that something is amiss. Increased water intake is known as ‘polydipsia’. Polydipsia is defined as a cat drinking more than 100ml per kg of their body weight per day.

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TREMOLO Co., Ltd
Tax Code: 0315374288
License Issue Date: 09/11/2018
Address: 17/1 Le Duc Tho, Phuong 16, District Go Vap, HCMC
Business Location: 188BG7, Nguyen Van Huong, Thao Dien, District 2

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TREMOLO Co., Ltd
Tax Code: 0315374288
License Issue Date: 09/11/2018
Address: 17/1 Le Duc Tho, Phuong 16, District Go Vap, HCMC
Business Location: 188BG7, Nguyen Van Huong, Thao Dien, District 2
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