What should I do to prevent cat hairballs?
- Dr. Vo Hoang Ha
- (Work at
- Dis.9 , Ho Chi Minh city)
Have you ever been surprised to see your cat vomit a hairball? Cats have a habit of licking and grooming themselves. When they do, they swallow the hair, which is usually expelled as feces. However, if the amount of hair is too much, it will turn into a hairball in the body, and it will spit out the hairball.
Cats vomit hairballs. Is this a disease?
It’s not a disease, it’s cat behavior to push the hairballs out of their bodies. It’s totally normal. As we know that cats spend a lot of time grooming themselves, that is how they swallow lots of fur into their stomach. Cause the fur can’t be digested by our digestive system, the fur accumulate day by day and make hair balls. It explains if the cat owner helps in grooming and combing cat fur, the hairballs will be less.
Cat’s hairball disease
An occasional regurgitated wad of hair isn’t cause for alarm, but frequent hairballs might mean your cat has an underlying health problem, such as anxiety, allergies, or an imbalanced gut microbiome (the community of bacteria in the digestive tract).
Cases that should be seen by a veterinarian
Excessive production of hairballs can point to an underlying health problem. A healthy cat might vomit up a wad of fur every week or two. So if you can see your cat is vomiting too much than normal then it’s time to see the vet.
What should I do to prevent hairballs?
Daily brushing helps remove loose hair and is especially helpful for long-haired cats. You should brush the short-haired cats 2-3 times a week and brush the long-haired cats daily or once every 2 days.
How should I brush?
＜_For Short-haired cats_＞
(1) Move from head to tail. Use a metal brush or fine-toothed comb. Brush with the grain of the fur. If you go against the grain, you could cause your cat great discomfort. Move gently, yet with enough force to remove loose fur.
(2) Be careful when brushing around your cat's ears. Some cats are very sensitive in this area.
(3) Many cats love being brushed on their faces. If your cat starts to rub their cheek or mouth on the brush, don't stop them. It will help them to enjoy being groomed.
(4) Brush your cat's sides and abdomen. Continue to move with the grain of your cat's fur. Brush the sides first. Using caution, gradually and slowly move toward their belly. If they let you brush their belly, continue in the direction of the hair growth. If they hiss or start to swat, stop what you're doing. Most cats are very protective of this area of their body, as it makes them feel vulnerable.
(5) Finish with damp rubber gloves. Apply a small dab of water to your gloves and spread it around the palm and fingers. Pet your cat as you normally would. This will help to relax them and give their coat a glossy shine. It will also pick up any loose hairs that the comb or brush missed.
(6) Remove fur when the brush is full. Depending on how thick your cat's undercoat is, you might have to do this several times per brushing session. Quickly pull the fur out of the brush. Place the fur ball(s) to the side until you're completely finished.
＜_For Long-haired cats_＞
(1) Brush with a wide-toothed comb. Comb with the grain of the fur. If you go against the grain, you could cause your cat great discomfort. Move gently, yet with enough force to remove loose fur.
- Start combing at your cat's head and gradually move toward their tail.
- Comb the longer locks on the armpits and belly. Continue to move with the grain of the fur. Look and feel for tangled balls of fur called mats, which are very common in these areas. Be very gentle as you brush and search. Many cats feel threatened when touched in these areas. It might take them several brushing sessions to get used to being combed there.
(2) Detangle any mats. Try using your fingers first. Gently work out each mat in downward strokes. Start at the bottom of the matted hair and gradually work your way up as it detangles. If this doesn't work, use a mat-splitter, working in the same manner as your did with your fingers. You can buy a mat-splitter in any pet supply store.
- If you encounter one or more stubborn mats, don't try to cut or shave them off yourself. You might unknowingly cut your cat's skin. Call your vet or groomer for a professional detangling as soon as possible.
(3) Breeds like the Norwegian forest cat require extra care due to the long tufts of fur that grow from the pads of their feet. If you're lucky enough to have a cooperative kitty, comb any mats or kitty litter out of these tufts with a finer-toothed comb. If they put up a fuss, contact your vet.
(4) Use a rubber mitten. After you put the mitten on, pet your cat in a normal fashion. This will pick up any dead hair from the undercoat or topcoat. It will also help to relax your cat, especially if you had to de-mat their hair.Rubber mittens are available in most pet supply stores.
(5) Finish with damp rubber gloves. Apply a small dab of water to your gloves and spread it around the palm and fingers. Pet your cat as you normally would. This give their coat a glossy shine. It will also pick up any loose hairs that the comb or brush missed.
(6) Remove fur when the brush is full. Depending on how thick your cat's undercoat is, you might have to do this several times per brushing session. Quickly pull the fur out of the brush. Place the fur ball(s) to the side until you're completely finished.
Many types of brushes are sold. Which brushes should I buy?
Overall: Self cleaning clicker brush
Self cleaning clicker brush
It makes grooming time a breeze thanks to its fine, slightly bent wires, which work their way deep into your cat’s coat without irritating the skin. It’s also extremely easy to clean—a button makes the brush’s bristles retract, allowing you to easily wipe away fur as you go. It’s durable, is comfortable to hold, and has a grippy handle to keep the brush from slipping during grooming sessions. It works equally well on long and short-haired cats and makes short work of mats in your pet’s coat.
Long-haired cats: Dematting Comb
Long-haired cats require a little more in the way of grooming, and you’ll want the right tool to make your task as easy as possible. The Dematting Comb is multi-functional, working as a dematting and detangling brush as well as an undercoat comb and deshedding rake. It can be used to cut through the most troublesome mats, then brush them out—a major perk for any owner of a long-haired cat. The comb is double-sided with varying densities of teeth, so you can switch between breaking down mats and removing loose undercoat fur without reaching for another tool.
Short-hair cats: Deshedding grooming tool
Deshedding grooming tool
For short-haired cats, we love the Deshedding Grooming Tool. This simple brush uses a single set of teeth that’s specifically designed to remove loose fur and undercoat hair while removing dirt and dander. While it’s not made for detangling fur, that’s less of a concern with short-haired felines—and with regular use, it does an excellent job of cutting down on shedding. The tool also looks great, with poplar wood handle that’s more attractive than most grooming devices. It can also be used to clean up upholstery surface, which usually stuck with many cat fur (cat owners know it well).
Shedding cats: Deshedding tool
Tired of finding mounds of cat hair on your couch and in your bed? You might want to invest in a deshedding tool designed to get at the fur in your cat’s undercoat. The Deshedding Tool uses a stainless steel blade that’s gentle on the skin but removes loose fur with ease. With regular use, it will reduce your cat’s shedding while also helping to rid their coats of dander. It has an ergonomic grip, and the relatively long teeth of the brush help to get deep into the undercoat and break down mats.
Mats: Steel Pet Comb
Steel Pet Comb
Mats in cat fur aren’t pleasant for your feline, so you’ll want to catch them before they become so severe that they need to be cut out. The Steel Pet Comb is just the ticket, painlessly removing tangles, mats, and dirt. The tool includes two sets of teeth: one wide and one narrow. The wide set is what you’ll want to use for breaking down mats, although it can also be used to simply fluff your pet’s fur. The narrow set is great for cats with shorter hair, or grooming sensitive areas like the face or paws. The comb is also made of stainless steel, making it more durable and long-lasting than plastic options.
Dandruff: Cat hair brush
Cat hair brush
While a good brush shouldn’t be your sole line of defense against dandruff (look into your cat’s diet if it’s a persistent issue), it’s an important piece of the puzzle.
Shy cats: Pet grooming glove
Pet grooming glove
If your cat hightails it for the nearest hiding place whenever it’s grooming time, try using a glove instead of a standard brush—often, your cat will think you’re petting them (rather than subjecting them to some bizarre torture). Fur will stick to the glove, making it easy to clean, and the soft, eco-friendly rubber is free of materials that could harm the skin. One size glove fits all (it includes an adjustable wrist strap), and the product is sold by the pair.
For bathing: Bath & massage brush
Bath & massage brush
Bathing your cat is rarely the most pleasant of experiences, so you might as well make the most of it. The Bath & Massage Brush is designed to work when wet, with soft rubber bristles that attract loose fur during bath time. It’s easy to clean—simply rinse it off, and the hair will release—and the textured grip makes it easy to hold when wet. It can be used with both short and long-haired cats, and the design of the bristles help ensure soap works its way into the hair root for a deeper clean.
How often should I brush?
Once per day or once every other day — will reduce the amount of excess hair they carry.
You should brush the short-haired cats 2-3 times a week and brush the long-haired cats daily or once every 2 days.
Is there a difference between long-haired and short-haired breeds?
It is generally recommended to groom long-haired and medium-haired cats on a daily basis while short-haired cats require grooming about once a week. It will be the most effective if you can choose the suitable combs or brushes as the recommendations as above.
There are some commercial shampoos with the special hairball prevention formula works on cats and kittens of all ages and hair lengths by removing loose locks so they aren't ingested.
It will encourage your cat's digestive tract to pass the hairball instead of regurgitating it.
Feed cat food for hairballs
A good hairball prevention cat food will help hair pass through the digestive system and out the other end. If cost is a concern, then you may be able to feed them a hairball prevention cat food every other meal instead of at every meal. This is commonly recommended with special medical formulas as a good way to balance cost and effectiveness.
Cats spend a lot of time to groom their fur, that’s how they create hairballs. A healthy normal cat will only have one or two hairballs per year and a wad of fur every week or two. If they vomit more than normal then it’s time to visit a vet. There are many ways to help your cats to prevent the hairballs: brushing, shampooing, food for preventing hairballs, feeding them cat nips or cat grass to help their digestion etc. The cat owners can pick the options to help your cats with hairballs.
Some owners notice that their cats stopped eating for a few days after they moved to a new place. For a cat, moving is stressful. Moves are stressful for cats because of the rapid change in both environment and routine, and while you can’t do much about the former, you can actively take steps to maintain the latter. You’ll want to be sure to maintain the routine throughout the move, including moving day. ## **Moving is stressful for cats** Moving with a cat is all about minimizing stress where you can. How your cat reacts to the move has a lot to do with their individual temperament, but as their benevolent human, it’s your responsibility to mitigate the anxiety of the situation as much as possible. By putting in the time and effort to reduce your cat’s stress while moving, you can help ease the transition and lessen the likelihood of your feline companion developing fear- or anxiety-based behaviors in your new home. The causes of cats stress when moving house are as follows: - Living space changes. - For kittens, being away from their mother and siblings is an important cause. - There are other dogs or cats around the house. (Dogs bark, other cats meow.) - Strange noises continuously. - Owners are often away and have little time to play with cats. ![Moving is stressful for cats](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/5AxHfhNxCTvkyW5GlU0hJP/2afe7f2a463cd95f70b4c80d11534027/jiawei-zhao-BsXeYX3efOI-unsplash-683x1024.jpg) Photo by [Jiawei Zhao](https://unsplash.com/@jiaweizhao?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-move?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ### **Cats are easily nervous about "change"** Cats are not known for their affinity for change. Most cats are highly territorial creatures who prefer to spend their days in a familiar environment and are resistant to new routines. ### **Whether a move is stressful depends on the cat's personality.** Shy cats find moving more stressful than outgoing cats. But most cats will find it stressful, less or more. ## **Pay special attention on moving day** On the day of the move, place your cat into an empty room and close the door. Leave food, bedding, a litter tray, and a piece of furniture under which he can hide.Note that the food is still the food that the cats still eat as usual, do not change the new food. Place the cat carrier in the room with its door open. Make sure your movers know the door to the room must remain closed to prevent your pet from running away. (Sometimes taping a sign to the door helps everyone remember.) This not only keeps your pet safe, but it keeps him away from big boxes and strangers that can leave him feeling uneasy. Take the same type of approach when you arrive at your new home. If you can, try to unload one room first. You can place your cat here to rest and recover from the journey while you sort out the rest of the house. At the very least, you can put your cat in a bathroom with the door shut. Just make sure you have a litter box, water, food, and a comfy cat bed to help your cat feel less stressed by all the noise outside the closed door. ![Pay special attention on moving day](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/4qHmqZrGWTRxVysTntz6GK/183ce9f80857d52521cf5aaac6c6b180/cat-1999679_960_720.png) Owners can keep toys and scratching tables for cats in the room so that cats can play by themselves, helping cats to control their psychology. Do not allow strangers or other pets near the cats. On the 3rd or 4th day of returning to the new home, the owner should often pet them to create a sense of comfort for the cats. Until the 7th day, you can open the door to the room and watch the cats get used to the new home space. ### **The most stressful thing is the noise** Some owners move with big furniture and it creates loud noise - the reason they scare the cats the most. If you think the noise might scare your cat so much or he/she is too shy. Think about leaving her somewhere as a pet hotel or a friend's house until your stuff is well moved. ### **Should I leave my cat with a pet hotel or friend on moving day?** Yes, it will help the cat to feel less stress. ![Pay special attention on moving day](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/3E9xIs0woty5ccsqobYMBD/4bc4029e11a77b8ba5ef3107fa42e947/pexels-arina-krasnikova-7725637-1024x684.jpg) ## **Good use of pheromone products** If you have access to the new property before you move, it is helpful to plug in a Pheromone Diffuser to make your cat feel more comfortable when she arrives. You want to set one up before you renovate or change the furniture around, even if you're staying in the same house. The diffuser lasts for four weeks and helps your cat adjust to a changing environment. The diffuser releases a drug-free, odorless vapor that mimics the pheromones a cat releases to indicate an area is safe and secure. So by setting one up ahead of time, you're signaling in your cat's language that she can relax. This can help cut down on stress behaviors like spraying or destructive scratching. ![Good use of pheromone products](https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/HnvH4ydDz8qv-5SZmLK8xhoHs6th8DzZ8AP_RX2juRqip_8eh1iqPaRj_tlNhZOG2IynhiySkQSLz4c4HYvJphvJ2M4f6_4ypSQZzsaBZHun5spYLho9NGCi0CtA3PFsAH-lzz3r) Good use of pheromone products Pheromone is a particularly meaningful and important scent for cats, as it helps cats mark territories and make notes for themselves that belong to them. Therefore, when the cats feel all their scent, your cat will feel much more comfortable and safe. ## **What are stress symptoms in cats due to moving?** When cats are stressed from moving, there are some symptoms that owners can easily witness: - Loss of appetite, doleful, sleep more - Diarrhea, vomiting or after eating, vomiting again, may take place 3-5 days at home. - Urinary problems such as not peeing or pooping - Skin disease due to scratching or excessive grooming - Will not come out of room, Cats don't want to get close to anyone. - Mewling anxiously, especially at night. Those symptoms will last a few hours or a few days, depending on the cat’s personality. A few ways to help your cats feel safe when they’re scared: - If your cats meow a lot, you can pat their head, comfort them, and feed them with their favorite food. - If the cats are still hiding in the dark, the owner should cover the area where the cats hide so that the cats feel safe for the first few days. - If the cats eat less, refuse to eat, or vomit, the owner should divide it into several meals and maintain the familiar food for the cats. (may divide 5-6 meals/day). Or feed the cats, pet them and encourage them. ![What are stress symptoms in cats due to moving?](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/6uAKKiJe7pMKULShCnj7AB/fee50473566a124aea9deca8bedd2c70/pexels-fox-1112620-1024x683.jpg) ## **Summary** Moves are stressful for cats because of the rapid change in both environment and routine, and while you can’t do much about the former, you can actively take steps to maintain the latter. Cats are not known for their affinity for change. Most cats are highly territorial creatures who prefer to spend their days in a familiar environment and are resistant to new routines. If you think the noise might scare your cat so much or he/she is too shy. Think about leaving her somewhere as a pet hotel or a friend's house until your stuff is well moved. When cats are stressed from moving, there are some symptoms that owners can easily witness: loss of appetite, diarrhea, vomiting, urinary problems such as not peeing or pooping, skin disease due to scratching or excessive grooming, will not come out of the room, mewling anxiously. The love of the owner will help the cats quickly get through this phase.
It is fairly common for cats to suffer from nasal congestion, otherwise known as rhinitis. This condition can make your cat very uncomfortable—it’s hard to sleep and smell food, and lethargy and breathing difficulties affect playtime. Fortunately, there are several options to treat and manage your cat’s condition to help them feel better. Let’s see its causes and treatment with us. ## **Infections** Viral infection is the most common cause of sudden rhinitis in cats. Feline viral rhinotracheitis and feline calicivirus are most frequently involved. ## **Foreign bodies** Allergic rhinitis or sinusitis caused by foreign bodies can occur seasonally (if due to pollen production) or year-round (if due to indoor allergens, such as house dust and mold). In cats, chronic nasal and sinus inflammation frequently occurs following severe acute viral infections of the nasal and sinus mucous membranes. ## **Nasal inflammation** Inflammation of a cat's nose is referred to as rhinitis. Sinusitis, meanwhile, refers to inflammation in the nasal passages. Both medical conditions can cause mucus discharge to develop. With prolonged inflammation, bacterial infections are common. Viral rhinitis is especially prevalent in kittens. ## **Nasal stenosis** Nasopharyngeal stenosis is a pathologic narrowing of the nasopharynx that causes an obstruction of the upper airway. It is an uncommon cause of chronic nasal disease in cats, accounting for approximately 6% of cases in which a definitive diagnosis is obtained. ## **Cryptococcus** Fungal nasal and sinus inflammation may be caused by the fungi Cryptococcus neoformans (relatively common in cats) or Aspergillus subspecies and Penicillium subspecies (both relatively rare in cats). ## **Treatment** You can try those home treatments. If the symptoms are not getting better, please bring your cat to a vet clinic for medical treatment. ### Warm, humid air Dry, cold air can irritate nasal passages and cause mucus to dry and adhere to the nasal walls. A humidifier can help keep the nasal passages open so your cat can breathe easier. Alternatively, taking your cat with you into the bathroom while you shower can have a similar effect. !(https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/gSnPo5BpRl4Xc8h7hK7ppgxij1u-YVvLlsusdvSA36urcOOHWetEENL45_ACB1YiQ5GwaA0jeF7bQlHrY72eYWVupgk_1_GbSMybJ-x70ZWC3EtX8XHVA4oShsGM_w7AWMSSQaBp) ### Nursing care Good nursing care can go a long way with helping your cat feel better. Clean your cat’s face with a warm washcloth to remove mucous and make sure your cat is warm and as comfortable as possible. !(https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/gB6XpefOeuIvzFjQDJJZbHwZlSdyFlap5HI6zO2zjddKvGOA3ANmkqv94rN9OcyqI5E8WHAsy9eKKT5nLlg-_goD6v2Qpm2F5Sg37dJdVKdwKVtfrmV403i2K9TYqGFj14-Wkart) ### Warm, strong-smelling food Cats with rhinitis have a difficult time smelling food, making their meals very unappetizing. Warming your cat’s food will help make it more aromatic and appealing. ## **Summary** It is fairly common for cats to suffer from nasal congestion, otherwise known as rhinitis. The common causes of nasal congestion in cats include infections, foreign bodies, nasal inflammation, nasal stenosis, and cryptococcus. There are 3 home treatments you can try: keep the air warm, humid and nursing care and provide the cats warm, strong-smelling food.
All cat parents know that cats are great snoozers. Cats sleep between 12 and 18 hours a day. Their sleeping patterns change with the seasons and the light-dark cycle. But sometimes, however, changes in sleeping patterns may be a sign of an illness. Because of that, it is essential to notice when your cat is sleeping too much. Let’s learn about it with Fetch. ![Are cats sick if they sleep too much?](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/1gCNuc3V74BUQEj2Iq0S7w/9851e25136b9c865b1e169368dc8ee66/alexander-possingham-CeWNEEsHPbA-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Alexander Possingham](https://unsplash.com/@allexx54?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-sleeping?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **How long does a cat sleep? Is there a difference in sleep hours by age?** The number of hours that your cat needs to sleep and the typical sleeping pattern for your cat depends on his age: - Adolescent cats may have erratic sleep patterns combined with periods of intense playfulness. Cat’s exact age can vary, but generally 6 months to 3 years is considered the adolescent phase. While a cat's body may look fully grown by 1 year, they are still maturing. Specifically, adolescence is marked by the changing of your cat's brain, and their behavior, as they transition to adulthood. - Adult cats tend to have more set sleeping schedules that average out at about 12 - 20 hours of sleep each day. Senior cats will tend to have less energy and reduced mobility, which means they will sleep more than younger cats. You will likely find that once your cat reaches adulthood, they will begin to form a recognizable pattern of sleeping and wakefulness. For example, you may notice that your cat wakes just before you in the morning, enjoys an hour or two of eating and socializing with you, then returns to sleep while you get on with your busy day. ![How long does a cat sleep? Is there a difference in sleep hours by age?](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/kB7iPpEHr5HnsGg6x17td/fe1d044e62760662f477b01892f5bf46/kate-stone-matheson-uy5t-CJuIK4-unsplash-1024x691.jpg) Photo by [Kate Stone Matheson](https://unsplash.com/@kstonematheson?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-sleeping?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Why do cats sleep a lot?** Cats’ sleeping patterns vary by annual season and by cycles of light and dark. So they might sleep more when the season changes, but there will not be a significant difference. Cats may sleep too much when trying to hide their illness or use their prolonged sleep to cope with pain. Some illnesses, such as kidney disease, diabetes, liver disease, osteoarthritis, anemia, parasitic infestation, and even cancer, may affect your cat's sleep much longer than usual. In the winter months, they may sleep even longer than usual in response to shorter daylight hours or changes in your routine, such as an earlier bedtime. Only the North of Vietnam has winter, so the cats who live in the South and the Middle of Vietnam won’t experience the sleeping time changed due to the weather. ![Why do cats sleep a lot?](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/1fH4AhOcrSsESrYB8QIgik/82e53dc440f18c3b133dc3f298a62081/ben-wicks-nvD3ZOCNuyg-unsplash-1024x693.jpg) Photo by [Ben Wicks](https://unsplash.com/@profwicks?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-sleeping?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Do cats sleep too much or are they sick?** Cats are experts in napping. They take every opportunity to close their eyes wherever they are by hanging from a railing, packing themselves into a tight box, or curling up in the bathroom sink. But it doesn’t mean they sleep too much. As we mentioned above, cats do sleep a lot (12-18 hours in general). So, if they sleep a lot more than usual, in addition to the legarthy symptoms or any other abnormal symptoms such as fever, runny nose, or more rheum than usual, then it’s time to worry and bring them to your vet asap. ![Do cats sleep too much or are they sick?](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/uMnVV7ZnoPSib43HUch7Y/05dbba251d4ec6e18ce228662f816ab5/guilherme-oliveira-UtT7_VN1Smg-unsplash-1024x575.jpg) Photo by [Guilherme Oliveira](https://unsplash.com/@_gui?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-sleeping?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Summary** All cat parents know that cats are great snoozers. But sometimes, however, changes in sleeping patterns may be a sign of an illness. The number of hours that your cat needs to sleep and the typical sleeping pattern for your cat depends on his age:. You will likely find that once your cat reaches adulthood, they will begin to form a recognizable pattern of sleeping and wakefulness. Cats’ sleeping patterns vary by annual season and by cycles of light and dark. Cats may sleep too much when trying to hide their illness or use their prolonged sleep to cope with pain. So, if they sleep a lot more than usual, in addition to the legarthy symptoms or any other abnormal symptoms such as fever, runny nose, or more rheum than usual, then it’s time to worry and bring them to your vet asap.
Cats are generally masters of hiding illness; this is a survival instinct for them. For example, if your cat can’t pee for a while, it’s likely that he/she has a urinary obstruction, or blockage, which is an emergency situation. However, there are certain signs that can help you determine whether your cat is having trouble urinating. Learn how to recognize the signs of a urinary blockage, so you can help your cat before it's too late. ## **Why won't the cat pee?** Our cat can’t pee due to a urinary obstruction or blockage. A urinary obstruction occurs when the urethra becomes blocked and urine can not pass. Non-related diseases are: - Dehydration - Low blood pressure - A common reason why cats stop peeing is stress/trauma-like an accident. When there is a change in the routine, or environment, or a new pet or new people, it will make the cats stressed. They will tend to stop eating, drinking, peeing and pooping altogether for a few days. It usually happens with shy cats. ![Why won't the cat pee?](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/2OsmStgTCbMhRua6vnhE0J/2b0f2d4278e11254370342169887b082/paul-hanaoka-w2DsS-ZAP4U-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Paul Hanaoka](https://unsplash.com/@plhnk?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-pee?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Possible diseases** This symptom may be caused by sediment or crystals in the urine and/or inflammation in the urinary tract. Cats with urinary obstruction may or may not also have concurrent urinary tract infections. A urinary tract infection may be the cause or the result of the obstruction. Urinary obstructions are far more common in male cats than in female cats. This is because males have a longer and narrower urethra. The tiny amounts of sediment, mucus, or tissue inflammation can obstruct the urethra and make urination difficult or even impossible. \*inflammation of the bladder (cystitis) Cystitis is synonymous with the creation of microscopic mineral crystals in the cat's pee. These crystals can form uncomfortable stones and can be quite debilitating. It can cause a severe block in the urethra, causing your cat to have difficulty urinating or not be able to pee at all. \*renal failure: Acute renal failure develops suddenly, over a matter of days or weeks. It happens to cats of all ages and is usually the result of: Blockages that change the flow of blood into the kidney and the flow of urine out of it (such as in a male cat that can't pee because of an urethral blockage). ![Possible diseases](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/6RWCrcef3I7Avh84Cf0Z7z/60ffab86a5c22b9793b37cef77688852/42-north-OE7H8Zp1mw8-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [42 North](https://unsplash.com/@42north?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-pee?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **What to do when your cat won't pee?** It’s a serious symptom and the owners can’t do anything but bring the cat quickly to a vet clinic. The vet needs to do some tests and prepare for surgery as soon as possible. This can be fatal if the owner realizes too late. If a cat can not urinate, the kidneys can not perform their essential function of filtering toxins out of the blood and excreting them in the urine. Toxin levels in the body increase, making the cat very sick. Without medical attention, a blocked cat will eventually die. If your cat gets stressed due to the new environment or a dirty cat litter box, try to: - Bring her to a vet for a check. Your vet may prescribe medication and/or adjust her diet with therapeutic cat food, which can help relieve some urinary issues and get her on the path to feeling well again. - In addition to prescription medication and food, your vet can also offer suggestions on how to improve your home environment to calm all the cats in your household - You have cats that do not get along, feed them separately and give them their own litter box, bed, and hiding space to retreat to if things get stressful - A little more time with your cat and giving her positive attention to ease her mind - Keep the litter box and house very clean and make sure she is well-hydrated, which can relieve stress and reduce or eliminate feline urinary problems - Always leave fresh water for her to drink, but in most cases, when the cat is stressed, she/he will stop eating and drinking for a while as well - To play with her to get her to exercise and distract her from the stressful factors (new pet, new environment, etc.). Tips: You can prepare ahead if you know your routine will change soon or a big life change is on the horizon (a move, new person in your house, new animal, etc.): - To prepare your cat by finding items and toys she enjoys - A little extra pampering will help her feel more secure and may even distract her from the changes to come - Additionally, keep the litter box very clean and find a quiet place for her to relax ![What to do when your cat won't pee?](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/4UMP9FaQkuIkdONLfxNmZG/86cfa28a7107e9328381b443279926e4/matheus-queiroz-UhxJSJmT1R4-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Matheus Queiroz](https://unsplash.com/@queirozmm?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-pee?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Summary** If your cat can’t pee for a while, it’s likely that he/she has a urinary obstruction, or blockage, which is an emergency situation. Your cat can’t pee due to a urinary obstruction, or blockage. This symptom may be caused by sediment or crystals in the urine and/or inflammation in the urinary tract. The inflammation of the bladders or renal failure can lead to crystals in the cat’s urine system. Cats with urinary obstruction may or may not also have concurrent urinary tract infections. It’s a serious symptom and the owners can’t do anything but bring the cat quickly to a vet clinic. If your cat can’t pee due to stress/trauma, you can try to: bring her to a vet, feed them separately, spend more time with your cat, keep the litter box and the house clean, always prepare fresh water for her to drink, or play with her.
When it comes to adopting a new cat, it’s not all about cat food, but owners should consider cat litter as well as other cat items. Many cat owners think that choosing a good cat litter is not as important as cat food. But it is not true. The fact is, cat litter is very essential to cat health due to cats' expectancy of hygiene. Choosing the wrong cat litter not only stresses the cat out, but also the cat owner. Let’s have a closer look at cat litter and be a wise cat owner with Fetch. ## **Why do cats need cat litter?** When taking a look into cat behaviour and their natural instincts, we find that they have an intuitive desire to bury and cover their waste in order to hide their presence and scent from other animals in the area. This behaviour is even seen in kittens who have not observed their mother doing the same. It’s an instinct that rarely requires teaching. This is something cat owners see when their cat is utilizing the litter box. The feline will often dig in the litter and then cover the waste before disappearing to another area of the house. ## **Points for choosing cat litter** Cat litter can be divided into many sections, based on its features, materials, scents, safety, prices, and brands. Below are some common features that you can find in some cat litter brands. ### **Flush it down the toilet** Not all types of cat litter are flushable, and flushing the non-flushable cat litter can clog pipes. Many types of cat litter are designed to absorb moisture, and will expand by as much as 15 times its original size. Even if the granules of cat litter have already expanded somewhat at the time of flushing, they could expand by much more once they enter the pipes. Choosing to flush the wrong type of cat litter could be devastating to your plumbing. The flushable cat litter is quite expansive, and it is-it will be noticeable on the cat litter bag. But to make sure, you can ask the pet shop if the cat litter is flushable or not. The flushable toilet cat litter which can be found easily in Vietnam is the flushable tofu litter (many brands), example as in the picture below. !(https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/uS20X_57UIfgPx7X7-ifR7IYD03dWfjzq9BnqWPeQ4um1pCvDEKQCwNox2J3HovdIxq3Gde54yU8wLJULiM8U4DTmJM4DF3zCwajRSSe3hhsm8ZGTdISoNBoJPtKpjUV0X63NJB5=s0) ### **No splattering** Most cat owners are well aware of their cat’s habit of kicking litter out of her litter box and creating a splattering scene, but they might not know why she does it. While this might be a frustrating and untidy habit for pet parents to manage, it’s entirely common and shouldn’t be a cause for concern. Unfortunately, no cat litter can prevent this problem, even though a bigger size or pipe shape of cat litter can decrease this a bit. Plus, you can prepare a bigger toilet box and add more litter to help the cat be less messy. !(https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/8e5bG9mxsn6o4kOPxfV0q534Ib5CnXXPK2KD0IO9ZvQ6ZDmbpZjtUnfOxCSs8MquFm3ScXoD-TeDol1E-P8tKqI2_3P7rbLPWQeKP4q9i98CYLdEYi9CYdwRaw3rUa_9MkRwZQO6=s0) A cat toilet box with lid can prevent the splattering litter !(https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/FOSOHaluyfOJjyQW3e60e_WiQs7AS0AponP7xRrywu34c_ocJTpJDt4VZu85v-kq_bRUbkdOglBQH97vtz918BXyj19FBrApZ2zRAZMkYYyemlrrzxfg8J08rxJoRPogUO8MZoYD=s0) For example, wooden cat litter is usually made in pipe shape which help less splattering ### **Easy to clump** Clay litter is the most common and cheap material for clumping litter in the pet market. It was also one of the first cat litter materials introduced to the Vietnamese pet market. Later on, more materials are found for making easy-to-clump cat litter such as tofu, corn, wheat, etc. Clumping cat litters are those that are designed so that urine and feces can be removed easily from the box without having to empty the entire box. Most contain a material known as bentonite that allows the litter to form a nice solid clump as the litter absorbs liquid. There are also alternative all-natural fibers that can help clump the cat litter tightly. Once the litter is clumped together, it can be removed from the litter box—along with any feces in the box—relatively easily. Just scoop out the soiled litter from the box and leave the clean litter in its place. The ability to scoop and remove soiled litter from the box means that the box stays cleaner longer. As soiled litter is removed from the box, it can simply be replenished by adding an equal amount of fresh litter. !(https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/kdrKFFkpYuOIHg3ssOf3TqN7mnfdQT-nh74uHnSeD2nvpBcZsu2WT9bZOcq8uMh6POhFQKhdqsieuvlvQ3m0gUw9tzQ0hqZREiWX-Uj3I2B1C1BKLd9pykVHXtc3gYj716w_pdRP=s0) ### **The deodorizing effect** Nowadays, people tend to live in a small, closed apartment more. To prevent the odor, many brands added a deodorized effect to cat litters. But unfortunately, the litter is not super powerful. If you don't clean the box itself, the smell won't go away, and deodorized litter won't work well. There is also an argument that the deodorized litters contain chemicals which are not good for sensitive animals like cats. Cats breathe in the artificial fragrance, which is much stronger for them. The dust from the litter can cling to their fur, and they are forced to smell it all day. !(https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/_7xItlNghgcjqaBlkjFWiGvN5uVB0Td-_SzuNyxa-TdXQuww-A_JO4E4Bca4lbEoE1QGGZ7OspXLrGYJhYpLRr27chaJo5BVNK1B-Evi_ry9QUgljmEotYxd3egZiBnbaKVB8PfN=s0) ### **Safe for cats to eat** Whether your cat eats litter due to pica, boredom, or another reason entirely—your first concern might be for your cat’s safety. Litter is not good for cats to eat, but some litter is more dangerous than others. Clumping litter contains sodium bentonite, and it is especially dangerous for cats. The sodium bentonite can clump inside of their intestines and cause a blockage. In extreme cases, it can even cause bentonite toxicosis when ingested. Not all litter is created equal. For a litter that doesn’t contain sodium bentonite and is safe for cats to eat, consider one made from food-based products such as wheat or corn. It's popular in Vietnam is the wood and tofu edible cat litter. !(https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/Ufr_M0dI_9xBALpKtknJ6_AXGTCyx5aAJPQGk4jCGhzprZMxr13PN4go9wI6lZXsdqhAxrwtm2OZuhgllExB9bXWM3LJB0-GTHA1K2kAUoryS_7pbldzYb6Amn9hf9FyzWZhLMz-=s0) For example, Cat’s Best cat litter is made from wood and is advertised as safe for kittens to eat. ### **Good cost performance** Clay litters are the most inexpensive and can produce solid clumps to make scooping easier. You don't need to add baking soda or pee pads to make them work. And because clay litter dominates the market, it comes in a variety of scents and grain sizes. !(https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/Rd4gBEuMsz5hMYFhhZ7wmKe-HoEwTgHvnkwqCgI_O4443W_4Qqd9yy-fZDAXmYp95l-1j0RDznGVJFJt6wH6N-frS-zs35ne7qwQT71zqvuShGDCz5aMWto9Wh9_8bwwgCfu6U96=s0) The cheapest cat litter in Vietnam is Genki brand. ## **Types of Cat Litter** Most cat owners choose cat litter based on the materials rather than the brand. The main materials are: paper, wood, silica gel, clay. ### **Paper cat litter** Paper cat litter is not very popular in Vietnam. Popular for cats with injuries to their paws, paper litters can be processed, recycled paper material or simply shredded newspaper. These litters have little dust or concern for irritating wounds, no fragrances, are softer than clay litters, and are absorbent. Unfortunately, these litters do not clump or control odors very well, so they are often only used for short periods of time. It can be flush down the toilet as long as it is made from pure paper. It is less splattering than other round shaped cat litters. Safe for cats to eat, but the price is quite expensive. !(https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/2Ty-mKGQgZKog2tR85FxK4uFKgRXAnl7oc13p-bCcfdbD-s-rvQJJKifiO7TpWkpFb6Sx2sdZ1MSxNoF1ZUFpPiACtqUaL7Ox0poezmvDXb9dP28wHDvtls1fUYAYFazw_3Gk2ND=s0) It’s not very easy to clump and quite pricey. That is why paper cat litter is not popular in Vietnam so it’s hard to buy. ### **Wooden cat litter** Wooden cat litters are rare and expensive in Vietnam. It doesn’t stick to your cat’s paws, so there is no tracking and your cat doesn’t experience the discomfort of having things stuck in her paws. It produces very little to no dust. It is biodegradable and sustainable. It is 100% natural: typical wood pellet litter doesn’t have any added scents or chemicals. Its disposal options are varied, useful, and easy: You can flush down most types or use them as compost. Wood pellet litters weigh lighter than standard clay litter. They are entirely safe for your cat. The chances of ingesting pellets are very low, but even if she does, your cat will be fine. Many wood pellet litters are flush-safe. It has a naturally fresh, earthy scent because of its material, which also helps with odor control. Wood pellet litters are a bit more pricey in general when compared to the usual clay-based litters. It may be hard to switch to pellet litter because most cats prefer fine-grained texture as litter. The fact that wood pellet litter doesn’t clump can be considered a drawback for people who are used to scooping clumping litter. Some cats may not like the scent of pine or they may be allergic to the material. Wooden cat litter has similar pros and cons as the paper litter: Pros: can flush it down the toilet, no splattering, have the deodorizing effect, Safe for cats to eat. Cons: not easy to clump and pricey. !(https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/2ZWXIeuSxCnPaJKCWRJPcEWIPZ9lX__95naf9JqYR6z0LLn-axUIGk0aKrCWXlFYwuh-k6w43BjRdJyQpNaABqtVk6P3QMSoOdmel1jibAN0pUZqz20wqZkVMpBVKc8pFLAjhMwT=s0) Cat’s Best is one of the legal imported wooden cat litter in Vietnam. !(https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/iZmc7awUOrl7YHyk2UV4pB3fdxtogKYB1HFUUkDGo6v65Cvb8S7yBpogy_4Phb043nB3LqUGw0ywo8p7lnxt9ZV3kpmyRjze_HPSIhBb5fWXWecCtsCJjxY04SV9tsn-6pQ9FXyX=s0) Another wooden cat litter brand ### **Silica gel cat litter** Silica gel litter is probably the second most common after clay cat litter in Vietnam. Growing in popularity, silica gel cat litter is made by several different companies. Most companies advertise that silica gel litter is not as dusty as clay, traps urine without having to scoop it out of the litter, lasts longer than the same amount of clay litter, offers excellent odor control, and is sometimes even preferred by cats over clay litter. Silica gel litter is usually more expensive than a clay litter bag of the same weight, but since it lasts longer, some pet owners do not see a significant price difference. Pro: Excellent deodorizing effect, good cost cause can last for a long time Cons: can’t flush down toilet, spattering, not easy to clump, not safe for cat to eat. !(https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/BrBZhdvevRvtBY1-N-Sbx6ONB-8hiicg7f6WQPoij7p32lnrrJhUpIh8aAJfHDp6H5fjLCPZXwoF4IBxdtQLn2BG4x0d3qnlflR3DGIdgY64EtJw9E6Sc2ONo-6ln-YI8HVmNmuw=s0) ### **Bentonite cat litter (Clay cat litter)** Clay litter is the most common and cheap cat litter in Vietnam. Clay cat litter is the most popular litter choice for cat owners, probably in part because it is also one of the most well established and easy to come by. Low dust and dust-free options are available, along with scented or unscented varieties. Some of these litters are made up of large pieces of clay and others are a finer clay particle, but they all absorb urine and turn into a softer, wet cement-like texture when they do. There are even clay litters that contain attractants to entice a difficult cat to use the litter box more. There are two main types of clay cat litter: clumping and non-clumping. Clumping cat litter is often preferred by many cat owners who like to scoop the urine waste out of the litter box regularly, but others like the lower cost of non-clumping litter and will dump the entire litter box contents when necessary. Some disadvantages of clay litter include the fact that it is not environmentally friendly, the amount of dust that is present, the heavy weight of the litter, and how much the litter tracks through the house. However, the price point and availability of most clay litters still make them a popular choice for cat owners. ![cat litter](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/5aNq3jzIt0PD6N497RmMUV/c36f8dbf8f04c89196785088630288f0/ScreenShot-2021-09-25-__5.00.34.png) Pros: Cheapest among the cat litter, easy to clump. Cons: not flushable, splattering, not good deodorizing effect, not safe for cats to eat. ## **How to replace cat litter with a new one** ### 1\. Gradual Changeover to the New Cat Litter This is the safest method because it gives your cat time to adjust to the difference without it being overwhelming. In most cases, if you go slowly enough, your cat won’t even realize a change is taking place. The way to do the gradual changeover is to mix a small amount of the new litter in with the current brand every day for several days. This changeover should typically take place over three to five days. If you have a cat whom you know, from previous experience, really reacts negatively to change, then it’s best to stretch out the changeover over the full five days. If you’re switching from a traditional non-clumping clay litter to a scoopable litter, then keep in mind that the new litter won’t effectively form clumps until there’s very little of the old litter left. ### 2\. Litter Box Buffet Line If you know your cat doesn’t like the current brand of litter you’ve been using, or if you’re unsure what type of litter he would prefer, you can set out an additional litter box with the new type of litter. Keep the current litter box with his usual brand as well. He’ll let you know which one he prefers. You can do this with multiple additional boxes if you’re undecided between a few types of litter. Once he has been successfully and routinely using the new litter, you can remove the other litter boxes. ### 3\. No Abrupt Changes When it Comes to Cat Litter The worst thing you can do when it comes to changing litter brands or types is to merely dump out the contents of his current box and fill it with an unfamiliar litter. Every time your cat goes to the litter box, as a creature of habit, he is expecting to come across the same texture against his paw pads and the same scent (or unscented). Even if you’re absolutely sure he’ll like the new litter better, use one of the above two methods rather than using the element of surprise. ## **Summary** Many cat owners think that choosing a good cat litter is not as important as cat food. Choosing the wrong cat litter not only stresses the cat out, but also the cat owner. When taking a look into cat behaviour and their natural instincts, we find that they have an intuitive desire to bury and cover their waste in order to hide their presence and scent from other animals in the area. This is something cat owners see when their cat is utilizing the litter box. The feline will often dig in the litter and then cover the waste before disappearing to another area of the house. Cat litter can be divided into many different features, such as: flushable, no splattering, easy to clump, deodorizing effect, safe for cats to eat, and good price. Cat litter can be divided into many materials, such as: paper, wood, silica gel, and clay. To replace cat litter with a new one, please follow these rules: gradual change over to the new cat litter, litter box buffet line, and no abrupt changes when it comes to cat litter.
It is not uncommon for cat owners to experience situations where their cats wake them up during the night by meowing, scratching at the door, or knocking things off shelves and counter tops. Let’s see why they are so active at night and how to prevent it if it is affecting you negatively. ## **Why do cats play so actively at night?** There are a few reasons why your cats are so active at night. Mostly it comes from their natural instinct, but other reasons can make it worse, such as: he does not get enough play time, or stress, or getting used to the owner's schedule, or he is in mating season. ### **Cat instinct** Cats are crepuscular, which means that they are most active at dawn and dusk. However, some house cats, that either started off as strays or spent a lot of time outdoors, may develop the habit of being most active at night due to the fact that nighttime is when their prey is most active. ### **Not getting enough playtime** Young cats are full of energy and can be rambunctious at any time of day or night. If she doesn’t burn her energy during the day, then she will likely spend it during the night. ### **Stress** Fear or stress may cause your cat to hide during the day, when people and other animals are most active, and then come out at night when they feel safe. ### **Getting used to the owner's schedule** Your cat is responding to your schedule. Many owners first start to interact and play with their cats when they get home in the evenings. This causes a shift in the cats’ day and results in them reaching their peak activity level at night. ### **Mating season** Heat cycles may start as early as the fourth or fifth month of a kitten's life. Crying, meowing, and yowling are all often loudly heard from a cat in heat, which is mainly at night-their active time. These vocalizations are to get attention and let other cats know that they are in heat. ## **How to prevent them from playing actively at night?** Owners can try to play with cats more during the day, or right before sleep time, get the cat spayed or neutered, and provide them with a safe place to sleep. These can help the cat to be less active at night, and hopefully, get them to sleep at night instead. ### **Let them play with toys during the day** Cats sleep a lot during the day because their environment is not very stimulating. The following ideas can help stimulate your cat during the day, so they don’t sleep all day. You can try these recommendations and see if they work: - Provide interactive toys during the day, like battery-operated motion toys. !(https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/Zbz6Si7Sxdy4OxrKAyw_MAw3U4doze3oUGbvzOs3b17SyjOREmxCNmMen07KkMlaK1qNSFhO9Gll5kowrLXItM2cvnQpWO6e33Qx0vpsj7LloMkB6sTZNNy2IbxLS-U2HX00Qpz7=s0) - Install a window perch so your cat can observe the butterflies, squirrels, and other wildlife in your yard. !(https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/JrL29OegpiRl6VlNrmhTl5Bh4X_vHopiiydTAgJZJH-T3utf-QgJaBJoJmyhoUPZrriLgmxui6C8w-21hlkCr2PhgsKD4oH69QmGpmYo34N73RLLuYG3KmIm92GAib1Khr-Cx8nK=s0) - Install a birdfeeder outside your window !(https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-KeGwsPznWbE06k91M4JG4mBFtGx65ZSPJyb_xU_Z3fxYHh9rmgyGJ4dpRe8ICJhbApHqjKLlif5IZEzM9-pqln8vaTkjJeDQamKAJmEH52vYKJVYlxdw3sJRtbOyPkWJQ8rTwxP=s0) - Feed your cat a puzzle feeder toy, to help her meal time be interesting !(https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/QQgJPOkOf1GoVDCWv5N9T8wrBGcabk0fWrrsl_X5gMnEzM81MIBZOs8_caZs2nGo3OeFZWxGjUxaDEjnCwIW_0yKKwfnq6YlWBInlOl4D0Wq3K6xSh2xKNKFe4JqUyjYkqWyHc9a=s0) - Hide dry kibble or dry cat treats around the house, so your cat has to seek them out. You can buy some toys like the mice below to hide their meals in some high or hidden places around the house. !(https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/Rt5fiTd76r4mGau1GlrjmGoXYjQrapY4845YlaTssIp21viJlSEw65fJIPrHKZnBHlkqUct4vlCOFPdyFNf3Fo0tHKussXd9y67XZx4kQb-bDx-zIG9ECbBBhd2FSzzRUorau6Cx=s0) !(https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/DFmuBio6sv9ToCjOpzSBX2RJZ7vYVPjwAouErKm3FQE4wzj57vmUs4-cXJkP31ctUQVkAY62mASojA-uRYpLReU2YCEJaSCHvaD3OkTbHBaS72YDMPM46oD3LXg7rHUzm5RBhE9m=s0) ### **No excitement before sleep** Owners should play with cats during the day to help them to stimulate their bodies and minds. But if the owners don’t have enough time, then you can play with them right before bed. It will definitely help the cats to wear off their energy and leave the owners to sleep in peace. This can easily conflict with one of the reasons why cats keep awake at night-when the cat gets used to the owner’s schedule. To clarify this: - This problem only happens when the owners keep playing with the cats late at night (later than the owner’s normal sleeping time), so the cats get used to it - Instead, to prevent this mistake, you might set up a fixed time to play with the cats daily. For example, you usually go to sleep at 10pm, then you should play with the cats at around 9.30pm. And the playing time should stick to the same amount (20-30mins each time). ### **Get spayed or neutered** Spaying your female cats or neutering your male cats not only stops the mating sounds at night, but also prevents them from many health issues. It prevents unwanted litters and greatly decreases mammary cancer risks in female cats, as well as spraying/marking in male cats, but still allows kittens time to grow. Kittens can enter their first heat cycle as young as four months, but usually not until they are five or six months old. The recommended time from vets for spaying or neutering your cat is 6 months, but it can be earlier if their cycles come sooner. You just need to bring your kitten to the vet clinic for a check to confirm the proper time. Kittens sterilized at an early age quickly bounce back from surgery. ### **Provide a safe place to sleep** Cats like to regularly switch between different sleeping locations to protect themselves from fleas and other parasites, so it’s best to provide them with a few different beds situated around the house. If you have more than one cat, make sure each cat has a few different beds they can call their own. Cats are solitary and so, typically, they don’t like to share, unless they are a bonded pair. Cats feel safest when they are somewhere up high, as this keeps them away from any potential dangers at ground level and means they have a good vantage point to see their surroundings. Having elevated sleeping areas, such as beds on shelves, the tops of wardrobes or the backs of sofas, is a good idea, but make sure they are still easily accessible, especially if your cat is old or ill. Make sure your cat’s beds are away from any draughty areas, but also not too close to any heat sources – the temperature should be not too cold or too warm, but just right. Soft, fleecy beds provide the most comfort, and if they have tall sides that your cat can hide behind, such as a cardboard box, that’s even better. Position your cat’s sleeping spots away from any noisy appliances (such as washing machines) and busy areas of the home (such as the hallway). A quiet corner of a bedroom or living room is ideal, and once your cat is snoozing, make sure you leave them alone to avoid startling them awake. When washing your cat’s bedding, avoid washing all of their beds at the same time. Cats rely heavily on smell to understand the world around them, so they leave at least one bed with a reassuring scent behind to help them feel safe. Then, when they’ve moved on to sleep in a clean bed, you can wash the dirty one. Cats like to sleep away from where they eat, drink and use the toilet, so make sure there is plenty of space between their food bowl, water bowl, litter tray and beds. You can, however, place their scratch post close to their favorite bed, as they often like to have a stretch and scratch just after they’ve woken up. ## **Summary** It is not uncommon for cat owners to experience situations where their cats wake them up during the night by meowing, scratching at the door, or knocking things off shelves and counter tops. There are a few reasons why your cats are so active at night. Mostly it comes from their natural instinct, but other reasons can make it worse, such as: he does get enough play time, or stress, or getting used to the owner's schedule, or he is in mating season. Owners can try to play with cats more during the day, or right before sleep time, get the cat spayed or neutered, and provide them with a safe place to sleep. These can help the cat to be less active at night, and hopefully, get them to sleep at night instead.
Definitely, anxiety can definitely do a number on a person's stomach. The same is true with kitties. Stress can cause vomiting and diarrhea in cats. It can also cause Fluffy to lose her appetite. Let’s see the causes and how to prevent your lovely kittens from diarrhea with Fetch. ## **Causes of Diarrhea in Cats** There are many reasons which can cause cat diarrhea. Including: stress, food, sickness, parasites, accidental congestion and constipation. ### **Stress** Just like with people, stress/anxiety/excitement can result in GI upset (especially lower bowel irritation or colitis) ### **Food** A sudden change in diet or the introduction of a new food (or hunting/scavenging food outside) is a common cause of mild and transient diarrhoea. Often this settles down as the intestine adapts to the new diet. This is particularly common in younger cats and when hand-rearing or weaning a kitten the use of foods not designed for the cat, or overfeeding, are common mistakes which can lead to diarrhoea. In some cases, older cats (especially those that go outside) may consume spoiled (decayed) meat that can cause diarrhoea. Some cats may not be able to tolerate certain foods, and in these cases the diarrhoea will not resolve until the diet has been changed – a good example is that many cats are intolerant of the lactose (sugar) present in milk. ### **Sickness** A wide variety of different infectious agents can cause diarrhoea in cats. These include viruses (often causing mild and transient diarrhoea, although some viruses such as feline parvovirus and feline leukaemia virus can cause severe life-threatening disease), bacteria (such as Salmonella and Campylobacter) and parasites (such as Giardia, Tritrichomonas and coccidia). Infectious agents will frequently affect more than one cat in a household, and are more common in younger cats. ### **Parasites** Kittens should have their stool checked for parasites or worms three to four times as they mature into teenagers. Adult cats should have parasite screenings annually. Mother cats pass worms and other pathogens to their babies and adult cats can be infected for life or otherwise become infected through hunting (even insects). If diarrhea is lasting more than two days, take your cat to the veterinarian for screening. Especially in a tropical country like Vietnam, there are more parasites, and they last longer in the environment than temperate or cold weather countries. Many vets recommend owners to deworm the kittens once every month until they are 6 month old. After that, you can deworm them once after 2-3 months. ### **Accidental ingestion** And a cat who has gotten into the trash or eaten rich ‘people food’ can experience diarrhea. If the stool is soft but formed, the cat is not vomiting and is eating normally, a trip to the veterinary office can be delayed a day or two to see if the stool returns to normal on its own. ### **Constipation** Constipation may seem counterintuitive, but older cats are prone to developing motility problems in their colons leading to constipation. In these cases, the cats often manage to only pass a small amount of more liquid stools around the obstruction. ![Causes of Diarrhea in Cats](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/5oy3Aknitz0E8DI4RGXXDN/409a194fd5a114ff04faaf219e6c779e/eric-han-WJ6fmN1D-h0-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Eric Han](https://unsplash.com/@madeyes?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-toilet?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **What to do when your cat has stress-induced diarrhea** Because there are so many potential causes of diarrhea in cats, you should check with your veterinarian what is the underlying reason. Stress-induced diarrhea is not easy to diagnose. The only way to diagnose it is when the vet removes all of the other potential causes. If cat owners notice a big change in the cat's life, like moving house or there is a new pet or a new family member. You should acknowledge the vet to see if it’s the reason. The vet will prescribe some medicines for the diarrhea, and if the stress is the reason causing the diarrhea, owners can try some therapy as below to reduce the stress and the diarrhea for your cat. ![What to do when your cat has stress-induced diarrhea](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/40ynSWVy1VEBWnOvQNNNC/e545678ec792fbebf026a927cb0f72b1/tina-xinia-MmcR2-AcTtE-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Tina Xinia](https://unsplash.com/@xinimini?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-toilet?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **How to prevent stress-induced diarrhea in cats** Any kind of stress is capable of stressing the cats out. Even stress-induced diarrhea tends to happen when the cats have big changes in life such as moving or the family is having a new member, other small details also can stress them and build up a big stress-which can lead to the diarrhea finally. So owners should avoid anything that might stress the cats in general. ### 1\. Make sure your cat has everything it needs It might seem obvious, but ensuring your cat has a litter tray, food and water bowls and even a scratching post can help reduce stress. Where you put these items can also have a surprising impact on your cat’s stress levels too. Keep litter trays away from eating areas, for example, and make sure your cat’s resources aren’t in an area with lots of noise or people. ### 2\. Give your cat some space Cats are solitary creatures, so they don’t like to be crowded by others – that counts for other cats, other pets and even children or other family members. Ensuring your cat always has space to escape from the chaos is a good way to reduce their stress. A quiet spot, preferably somewhere high up, is ideal. Try a cardboard box on a sturdy shelf, for example. ### 3\. Try not to handle them if they’re not keen While many cats like to be stroked for a long period of time, others are happier to enjoy their own company. Some cats might be quick to tell you that they’re unhappy while others are more subtle in their behaviour. Pay attention to their body language and always make sure they have the freedom to move away from you when they wish. ### 4\. Avoid cat intruders If your cat is stressed due to a neighbourhood cat invading their space (or your garden), it can be tricky to eradicate the issue. If you know who the cat belongs to, and you’re on good terms with the owner, you could try a friendly chat. Make the suggestion to ‘share the space’ by ensuring the cats explore outdoors at different times. Otherwise, ensuring your cat has plenty of resources both indoors and outdoors (e.g. places to toilet, get up high, drink from) should keep them calm. ### 5\. Help them to handle changes before they happen Like we mentioned, these are the most common reasons which cause the stress-induced diarrhea in cats. So please pay more attention here: Cats are creatures of habit. Routine is important to them, so anything that disrupts this can leave them feeling stressed. Whether you’re planning to move house, have building work completed or welcome a new baby into your home, preparing your cat for the changes reduces the risk of stress. During house moves and improvements, cats are often much better temporarily staying in a cattery to keep them calm. With new babies, you can get your cat prepared for their new arrival with this advice guide, which includes getting them familiar with baby sounds and how to make the nursery off-limits. ![How to prevent stress-induced diarrhea in cats](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/2NyfG47592HRi5sbqECx6b/d27c7790e41922f9e17415f4b082e201/litter-robot-dYnqzfx7Dk8-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Litter Robot](https://unsplash.com/@litterrobot?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-litter?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Summary** Definitely, anxiety can definitely do a number on a person's stomach. The same is true with kitties. There are many reasons which can cause cat diarrhea. Including: stress, food, sickness, parasites, accidental congestion and constipation. Because there are so many potential causes of diarrhea in cats, you should check with your veterinarian what is the underlying reason. Any kind of stress is capable of stressing the cats out. So owners should avoid anything that might stress the cats in general.
Although cats are originally desert animals, domestic cats aren't built to withstand extreme heat for long periods of time. Just like humans, cats are also vulnerable to heat exhaustion or even heat stroke. Therefore, it’s important to watch out for signs your cat is overheated, especially during the hot months (in Vietnam it is from April to November) as temperature rises. When you know what to look for, you can make sure your cat stays nice and chill. ![5 Signs and solutions your cat is hot](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/brkgFYNNoOxSS7oTqDasY/f8376b2cf7185c605e8b67c9118a90bd/echo-RXUUv2culkI-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Echo](https://unsplash.com/@transparent?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-ears?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **A cat shows their stomach** First of all, the belly is a very vulnerable place. A host of vital organs sits mere millimeters under the skin of your cat’s tummy, and damage to any of them could be potentially fatal. Cats are therefore highly likely to guard their bellies from potential injuries. Like dogs, cats have been known to roll over and expose their stomachs to the people they know. When they show you their stomach, it means they feel comfortable around you, not that they are feeling hot. ![A cat shows their stomach](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/3LiaxDfAJjGAP226txGIcZ/694bdbe817a02a1d071a081aff33a5fc/pexels-anel-rossouw-2558605-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Anel Rossouw](https://www.pexels.com/ja-jp/@anelrossouw?utm_content=attributionCopyText&utm_medium=referral&utm_source=pexels) on [Pexels](https://www.pexels.com/ja-jp/photo/2558605/?utm_content=attributionCopyText&utm_medium=referral&utm_source=pexels) ## **Breathe with their tongue out** Although it's perfectly normal for dogs to pant as a way to cool off, this behavior is more concerning for cats. If you see your cat breathe with their tongue out, it is an acute sign. Check the environment temperature to see if it’s hotter than normal. The average temperature range for cats is between 99.5 and 102.5 Fahrenheit (37.5-39 Celsius degrees). Anything above that puts your pet in the range for suffering heat stroke. Signs of heatstroke include panting, mental dullness, bruising, and seizures. It should be noted that these signs can be the result of other conditions, and are very serious, so if noted, the cat should be taken to a veterinarian for evaluation immediately. Unlike dogs, panting is always an emergency in cats. If it’s a particularly hot day, and you’re outdoors, move to a cooler location immediately. Or if your room/place is too hot, turn on the fan and air conditioner. ![Breathe with their tongue out](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/sN1ZveGWbPQTFoFuJgTsI/b8c718fa6c6513a7b51522fe255d4951/miron-cristina-HW_6USwudbo-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Miron Cristina](https://unsplash.com/@crismiron?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-tongue?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Grooming all the time** Grooming all the time or overgrooming is when a cat spends an abnormally large amount of time obsessively grooming itself. This is a reaction when a cat feels stressed. The hot temperature can be a reason to stress the cat out. When a cat licks itself, endorphins, which are natural "feel good" neurotransmitters made by the brain, are released. These endorphins are the chemicals that make the sensation of self-grooming feel comforting. Therefore, if your cat is feeling hot, it may resort to this comforting behavior. Try some methods as below to help your cat: - Firstly, cool down the environment temperature (take your cat inside or turn on the fan and AC). - Play therapy is also a great stress reliever. It can help build your kitty's self-confidence and help it associate a positive experience with the new house or a new pet or person. Interactive games are best, such as chase-the-fishing-pole lure or laser tag for cats. - Play some music to relax your cat. David Teie is very famous for having music with the cat-centric sounds to heal and cool the cats. ![Grooming all the time](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/ki1jA0LkUv5rFSJ9BiUpF/1e8fe2f0768f059690a0db9ec4b80d6d/joyful-kvUTrJdsYg8-unsplash-683x1024.jpg) Photo by [Joyful](https://unsplash.com/@joyfulcaptures?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-grooming?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Not moving actively** Normally, most adult cats tend to spend a lot of time sleeping. But if your cat shows signs of lethargy or general weakness, then they may be overheating. A cat who seems unusually tired, to the point where they are uninterested in meals or playtime, could possibly be dealing with heat exhaustion. Similarly, cooling down the environment will help the cat get back its energy. Owners will see improvement in a couple of hours. ![Not moving actively](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/1CCdzcwqiduqYRTiaOmvy6/9463ad60478cb213d47f09c3b1204ef9/paul-hanaoka-LcAZcVWsCIo-unsplash-1-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Paul Hanaoka](https://unsplash.com/@plhnk?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-appetite?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **Loss of appetite** This is normal. A recent research shows that most cats will eat approximately 15% less in the warmer months, even if they are predominantly indoor cats. It is believed that cats use less energy maintaining their body temperature in summer and therefore require less food. It is totally normal if your cat doesn’t eat much during the hot season, as long as the room temperature is not over 39 C degrees. You can try to add some new wet food or treats into her/his bowl to spice them up. Playing a bit with your cat before the meal time also can help. ## **Summary** - Although cats are originally desert animals, domestic cats aren't built to withstand extreme heat for long periods of time. - When cats show you their stomach, it means they feel comfortable around you, not that they are feeling hot. - If you see your cat breathe with their tongue out, it is an acute sign. Check the environment temperature to see if it’s hotter than normal. - Over grooming is a reaction when a cat feels stressed. The hot temperature can be a reason to stress the cat out. - A recent research shows that most cats will eat approximately 15% less in the warmer months, even if they are predominantly indoor cats. - In all cases, owners should check the environment temperature and try to cool it down. Other things you can try are playing with your cat, adding new food or new treats, and playing relaxing music for cats. If your cat’s symptoms didn’t improve, you can take him/her to a vet clinic to do some general checks.
To paraphrase a popular saying, you can lead a cat to water, but you can't make her drink (or do anything she doesn't want to, really). However, once you determine that she isn't sipping often enough, there are a few ways to get your cat to drink water. ## **Cats are animals that don't drink much water** Cats don't drink as much per kilogram of body weight as do dogs. Therefore, the amount of water your cat needs varies with the food she eats and her environment. Cats usually drink about an ounce (30ml) of water for every half ounce (15g) of dry food they eat. Wet food, on the other hand, provides your kitty with food and moisture at once and can help her stay hydrated. ![Cats are animals that don't drink much water](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/QI2uG2lxXkjSMgXpZNWhH/cc7d97408437dcedbf812195f7484748/dorothea-oldani-c01oPaDbxWw-unsplash-1024x683.jpg) Photo by [Dorothea OLDANI](https://unsplash.com/@dorographie?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) on [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/s/photos/cat-water?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText) ## **What happens if cats don't drink enough water?** When a cat doesn't consume enough water, she is at risk for dehydration. Dehydration occurs when the normal body fluids, including water and electrolytes, fall below required needs, causing problems in her energy, skin and organ function. A cat not drinking water isn't always the cause for dehydration, but often it's a fairly common reason or symptom of dehydration. ![What happens if cats don't drink enough water?](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/1EjorExVmkJ7QjD0HamyWL/47d8a09479e1dc892dd790df7b1baa85/cat-2596037_1280-1024x682.jpg) Photo by [suju-foto](https://pixabay.com/ja/users/suju-foto-165106/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=2596037) on [Pixabay](https://pixabay.com/ja/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=2596037) ## **What to do when cats don't drink water** If your cat won't drink out of a water bowl, try a water fountain that offers her the benefit of continually fresh water and the bonus of splashing it around. A cat fountain also saves water (and money on your water bill) because you don't have to leave your bathroom faucet running. Some cats also don't like the idea of still water. It goes back to their ancestral instincts that running water is safer to drink. Changing up your kitty's environment may urge her to drink more water. One way to do this is to offer your cat multiple drinking stations: place water dishes around the house, including in places that will be new and might make her curious. A variety of bowl materials like ceramic, metal and glass may also encourage her to taste-test and investigate. Eating wet food will help to hydrate your cat. Dry food is only about 10 percent water, but wet food can be up to 70 percent liquid. If your cat doesn't care for canned food, you can add water to dry kibble or combine wet and dry food in the same dish. ![What to do when cats don't drink water](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/2eui9oLICchcGHweGwen67/dee0abef068d9d1cbedb0f150411b899/cats-1092532_1920-681x1024.jpg) Photo by [Marja Brouwer](https://pixabay.com/ja/users/marjabrouwer-1289732/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=1092532) on [Pixabay](https://pixabay.com/ja/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=1092532) ## **If your cat drinks too much water** If you notice that your cat is drinking more than usual, this may indicate that something is amiss. Increased water intake is known as ‘polydipsia’. Polydipsia is defined as a cat drinking more than 100ml per kg of their body weight per day, but any cat that is drinking more than usual should be seen by a vet, as this may indicate that something is amiss. Of course, let the vet know the amount your cat is drinking if you have measured it. The most common causes of increased thirst and drinking are: - Kidney (renal) dysfunction - Liver (hepatic) disease - Diabetes mellitus (‘sugar diabetes’) - Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) - Urinary tract disease - Compensatory increased water intake, eg, losses after vomiting or diarrhoea ![If your cat drinks too much water](https://images.ctfassets.net/8y7rrpqgnjw7/217jVwHoy1y0HqGneCgU39/d797f9b3c07f893e4aa52c56364163cf/cat-mia-703410_1280-1024x576.jpg) Photo by [wei lee](https://pixabay.com/ja/users/s9234460-903541/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=703410) on [Pixabay](https://pixabay.com/ja/?utm_source=link-attribution&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=image&utm_content=703410) ## **Summary** Once you determine that your cat isn't sipping often enough, there are a few ways to get her to drink water. When a cat doesn't consume enough water, she is at risk for dehydration. If your cat won't drink out of a water bowl, try a water fountain that offers her the benefit of continually fresh water and the bonus of splashing it around. Changing up your kitty's environment may urge her to drink more water. Eating wet food will help to hydrate your cat. If you notice that your cat is drinking more than usual, this may indicate that something is amiss. Increased water intake is known as ‘polydipsia’. Polydipsia is defined as a cat drinking more than 100ml per kg of their body weight per day.